Open Positions | Binary.com

The Sun Rises as Usual: My thoughts on the enactment of the national security law in Hong Kong (Author: Simon Shen 沈旭暉)

The below essay by Simon Shen (沈旭暉), a Hong Kong-based political scientist and columnist.
Link to original essay: Facebook
YouTube channel (Cantonese)
His videos and articles has been on this sub a few times (See https://redd.it/hmttfa https://redd.it/gn5j83), so I thought this one is also worth a read and discuss, whether we agree or not.

The Sun Rises as Usual: My thoughts on the enactment of the national security law in Hong Kong

July 1st, 2020 shall be remembered as the day Hong Kong completed its second Handover to China. A strong sense of despair clouds over the city as Beijing nuked us with the National Security Law (NSL). The thought of losing the authenticity of Hong Kong forever is ingrained in many of us.
The same day, the sun rises in the east as usual.The rule of thumb to survive this era of turmoil is to maintain control of your mental state. Remain unflappable by the ongoing absurdity. You live your life at your own pace with no restrictions. And that is how you win in society, at the workplace, on campus, and in marriage.
As to how we could achieve that, I hope my two-cents would give you some ideas.
The officials expected us to be overwhelmed, terrified, and occupied by NSL. Nevertheless, the clauses of the law have never been the main course of this extravagant meal. What truly awaits for us is the complete makeover of the Hong Kong ruling. Abolishing the standard procedure inherited from British Hong Kong, rationality and logical decision-making are soon replaced by the ambiguity of the authoritarian “rule of law” of China. Hong Kong has lost its place in the globe at the mercy of NSL; that is, to show a lucid message: Beijing could withdraw the “One Country, Two Systems” principle however it sees fit. Moreover, it is the re-education training CCP set up for Hongkongers to make them know their place and accept the “Mainland ideology,” which includes tolerating laws and regulations that are more “lenient” to serve the Chinese political agenda. Placing the national interests in heart, it is farewell to “Rule of Law,” and the common understanding of right and wrong and dos and don’ts.
This is the textbook example of authoritarian ruling. Perhaps people would be seeing some form of democracy and freedom; however, those were merely decoys in which the supreme power vested afar.
23 years after the Handover, pro-Beijing population remains small by default. The young generation rebukes Chinese identity even more than before. The enactment of NSL indicates the failure of CCP’s strategic approaches to entice Hongkongers. If the regular and United Front approaches failed through, they might as well execute eradication instead. It may appear as China is calling for enticement, but the underlying measures/gimmicks are showing something else. The grand Unity of Mainland and Hong Kong is nothing more than a hoax.
In this new Hong Kong, measurements taken to appease public backlash or allow people to express their frustration toward politicians or policies are stored in the past. Furthermore, the Hong Kong government has adopted more extreme approaches—severing Hong Kong into the pro-democracy camp and the pro-Beijing camp; bringing back Cultural Revolution tactics to effectively counteract dissentance; and activating 24/7 monitorization of the population. The propaganda of the CCP regime is to increasingly disintegrate the mutual trust between people by ratting and spying. Building the new norm where the civil society crumbles and espionage is normalized. People with malicious intent may find this new world rather exciting. Without the checks and balances or supervision in the system, the escalating waves of purging the “impure” in the next 2 years are anticipated.
The hostile public opinion of Hong Kong toward Beijing’s decisions have always been a throne in the flesh for the ruling party which led to it prioritizing the disunification of the Hong Kong civil society in the following 2 years—gathering the elites from all professions, alternating the policies of media regulations, reforming education to be more CCP-interests-oriented, and emphasizing the governmental compliance of all departments for effective executions of the new laws. The small population that is most affected by NSL would be those who are in the “Four Black Categories,” including the influencers and KOLs. The two major key points for Hong Kong government’s guidelines are “rule by law” and “always have the national interests at heart.” Regardless of NSL, Public Order Ordinance(POO) per se or any other laws could be used to incriminate the dissidents. Even a world-renowned Chinese artist such as Ai Weiwei was accused of Tax Evasion. Apolitical celebrities with millions of fans and could also be targeted; e.g. Fan Bingbing. Over time, people would adapt to self-censorship. As their minds slowly die of a thousand cuts to circumvent trespassing the political “bottom-line”, it includes avoiding dissenting the propaganda and minimizing exposure that may attract unwanted attention.
Oddly enough, if you were to be a tourist, you probably would not be able to capture the post-NSL nuances of this hollow Hong Kong. You would see all business continue, stock market arises, and the real estate market thrives as usual. It is as if the script written for the second Handover would play out successfully, as long as the basic needs of Hongkongers are satisfied.
Amidst of this turmoil, Hongkongers wouldn’t need me to elaborate more; however, we should ask ourselves if there is something else that we could do. Do you still remember how we were like before all of these occur? What are the options we have aside from obeying to the laws, immigrating out of our homeland, or starting riots? How should we live in the middle of this mess?
From the anti-extradition law protest to the ongoing movement we have today—disregarding the variations in the slogans—we are a part of the global transformation which is beyond politics and may very well be a segment of the fourth industrial revolution. Moving forward from now, with AI replacing brain-power taxing positions, it would be unlikely for anyone to have a stable job and their retirement secured. With that being said, we are facing a tomorrow where people could no longer rely on a singular path for career planning. The younglings are determined and flexible about making chances. They are independent individuals who seek for autonomy in life without relying on governmental entities, pro-establishment units, and consortiums, for their survival which tie into a global trend. The “ultrastable system” of the good old times Hong Kong is in the past. The young generation is calling for “Laam Chau.” (self-destruction to counterbalance Hong Kong government) Acknowledging the fact that enduring injustice would not secure any job positions, the young generation tends to take on entrepreneurship and minimizing their political dependency.
Many friends started talking about immigration. A decade ago, the media were hyping the topic regarding whether or not I would be immigrating to Singapore. I have been repeating myself—the concept of immigration is obsolete. Over the past year, would you say that the overseas Hongkongers contributed more to the movement or the apolitical Hongkongers? Even if we hold multiple citizenships, travel around the world, send our children to study abroad, or hold investments in another country, what would it matter? Any of those would not affect our Hongkonger identity. When online classes are given remotely on Zoom, would it matter if you are in Hong Kong or in Congo? The physical location of Hong Kong shouldn’t tie us down. We should sever ourselves from the idea of leaving or staying and make the world our home. By stitching the virtual world to the real world, we are undefeated by constant change. To me, that is what Hong Kong really is.
All censorship from the authoritarian regime have one in common; that is, the oppressions could never be reasoned with the Common Law. If the pro-democracy anthem, “Glory to Hong Kong,” is prohibited to be sung on campuses, what about the 80’s Cantopop hit, “Boundless Oceans, Vast Skies” or “Blowing in the Wind” which both hint liberation in the lyrics? As the movement slogan, “Five Demands, Not One Less,” was banned, could the protesters express their dissent by raising their hands to point out 5 and 1 or having the number 5 and 1 written over their tops? Does everything related to the number 5 and 1 need to be a politically sensitive topic? Could we still talk about the Labor Day that falls on May 1st? The rebellious ideology is embedded in the mind of Hong Kong protesters, as people have witnessed the incompetence of our government on a daily basis. This movement has been embodying innovation in various ways. No extra commentaries are needed. This is the true essence of “be water.”
Similarly, Poland and the Czech Republic in the 60s were under greater oppression than what we have been seeing in recent Hong Kong; however, “life always finds a way.” We now live in a globalized world where “colluding foreign forces” is unnecessary, with the help of our overseas brothers and sisters to amplify the pro-democracy messages to the international community. We shall acknowledge the fact that dwelling on the past does no one any good for sustaining this movement.
You could be someone who lacks the courage to venture out of the comfort zone, refuses to adapt to having multiple careers, resists leaving the physical location of Hong Kong, fears to put on a yellow helmet (a pro-democracy symbol), and chooses to be enslaved by the ruling party. Even if you are a Blue Ribbon ( pro-established or pro-Beijing person), as long as you are not a part of the most extreme 20% of the deep Blue Ribbon community, I say you are still a very valuable asset to Hong Kong. In this NSL-enacted Hong Kong, you should give it some thoughts about what advantages you hold that the “new Hongkongers” cannot offer. If you cannot answer this question, then no matter how patriotic you are, you will be eliminated in the next wave of selection. “Survival the fittest.” Even in Chinese companies, they still need Hongkongers to do the due diligence for them. In bureaucratic institutions, the Chinese would still need someone with a creative spirit and an international perspective while putting on a nationalist front.
Many have expressed their concerns toward the implementation of “Indoctrination” in Hong Kong, including some of the pro-Beijing parents. By sending their children to non-state-owned schools, their actions speak louder than their words. The new trend of education has confirmed that the traditional classroom model inherited from the 19th century Prussian teaching is outdated. Through big data, the teaching materials are personalized for individuals; moreover, students may build up their unique libraries of knowledge via their personal experience and curiosity. Regretfully, the new Hong Kong under authoritarian ruling embraces a rigid education system where syllabi and marking scheme is key to grooming the next generation of nationalists. The instructors would be under surveillance, school principals would bend to state-interests policies, and households would monitor each other for anti-government speeches or actions. Apparently, CCP would not succeed in brainwashing anyone with these educational reformations. Perhaps, Tik Tok may be more effective. Personalized education is an irreversible global trend. The authoritarian Hong Kong could butcher education but it could not prevent people from adapting to other alternatives. I would like to believe that the younger generations would harness the power of the internet and seize the opportunities given by an international community that has become more amiable to Hong Kong.
NSL’s main target is those who are “in collusion with foreign forces. How ironic is it to see how the strong connections between Hong Kong and the global community came back to bite per se? I recall reading from a research report, stating that on average every 1 out of 3 to 4 Hongkongers have connections overseas—overseas relatives, holding foreign qualifications or degrees, overseas working experience, having international investments, or having work contacts with foreign employees. Hongkongers have been colluding with the foreign forces before NSL made it a crime. The 2020 Hong Kong is suffering from cultural discontinuity created by the conflicts between the Chinese authoritarian system and the Western democracy system. Soon enough, “mass surveillance enabled by Big Data” vs. “A.I. regulated by privacy concerns” could be a multiple choice question for all Hongkongers. As long as Hongkongers are connected to the global network, we shall not lose our resilience against oppression.
To sum it up, Hongkongers have incorporated the world into “the revolution of our time.” March on and be water. The world we are facing is no longer black and white or binary of any sort. We may not reap what we sow. This is a long-term fight that requires us to be resourceful, as well as being mentally and physically prepared.
You may ask if I have ever wanted to leave Hong Kong. Ironically, since my 18th birthday, I have never stayed in Hong Kong for so long. The past 6 months, aside from pandemic, I have been sentimental toward this land. My profession and residences require me to travel a lot of places. I hardly stayed in Hong Kong for long as I made that decision deliberately 10 years ago. Now you may understand where I am coming from. Thus, I would not change for this NSL-enacted Hong Kong. I would not stay to make a statement, nor would I leave this land to make a stance. To my dear friends out there, my piece of advice has been the same—live like a digital nomad and have your footstep stamped locally and globally. No need to start from scratch. You may join a community that is well-established.
Should I self-censor for my safety? I’ve never been an editorial writer. My rationally words and videos are merely personal expressions of a Hongkonger. I honestly can’t get any more cautious. I am the same Simon Shen, now and always. We should not take any form of harassment or attacks personally.
Before the extradition law and the NSL, CCP had been effectively silencing dissents by sending them on one-way trips to Mainland China (i.e. Causeway Bay Books disappearances). The regime needed no bills to aid its attempt of kidnapping those who dare to voice up. Hong Kong has fallen too fast that no one bothers to attack or criticize the kidnaps. There is no such thing as making something less absurd by talking about it more. The systematic oppression of Hong Kong’s civil freedom does not only come from the without but also the within; especially when nowadays all we could talk about is “safety” and “survival.” It is exactly what CCP wanted for us to believe—we are trapped and our lives depends on our compliance. Hongkongers are being tested for our resilience. If we couldn’t pass this challenge together, how could we stand up tall as proud Hongkongers?
As to making ends meet, I’ve always believed that the global Hongkonger network is a large enough of encomany to support, expand, and give back to Hong Kong. We are all at its mercy, including me becoming a KOL. Within the Hongkonger community, I wish to be more practical and strategic; especially, in terms of elevating our quality of living. CCP is extremely calculative and different from us. It is my deepest belief that when the world sees how irreplaceable Hongkongers are that is the day when we can anticipate change. Before then, we will keep a low profile and prepare for this long battle.
Do expect the next two years to be a long rollercoaster ride with plenty of ups and downs. Hongkongers will only thrive through the hardships. Buckle up, winter is coming.
submitted by baylearn to HongKong [link] [comments]

Using Deep Learning to Predict Earnings Outcomes

Using Deep Learning to Predict Earnings Outcomes
(Note: if you were following my earlier posts, I wrote a note at the end of this post explaining why I deleted old posts and what changed)
Edit: Can't reply to comments since my account is still flagged as new :\. Thank you everyone for your comments. Edit: Made another post answering questions here.
  • Test data is untouched during training 10:1:1 train:val:test.
  • Yes, I consider it "deep" learning from what I learned at my institution. I use LSTMs at one point in my pipeline, feel free to consider that deep or not.
  • I'll be making daily posts so that people can follow along.
  • Someone mentioned RL, yes I plan on trying that in the future :). This would require a really clever way to encode the current state parameters. Haven't thought about it too much yet.
  • Someone mentioned how companies beat earnings 61% anyway, so my model must be useless right? Well if you look at the confusion matrix you can see I balanced classes before training (with some noise). This means that the data had roughly 50/50 beat/miss and had a 58% test accuracy.
TLDR:
Not financial advice.
  • I created a deep learning algorithm trained on 2015-2019 data to predict whether a company will beat earning estimates.
  • Algorithm has an accuracy of 58%.
  • I need data and suggestions.
  • I’ll be making daily posts for upcoming earnings.
Greetings everyone,
I’m Bunga, an engineering PhD student at well known university. Like many of you, I developed an interest in trading because of the coronavirus. I lost a lot of money by being greedy and uninformed about how to actually trade options. With all the free time I have with my research slowing down because of the virus, I’ve decided to use what I’m good at (being a nerd, data analytics, and machine learning) to help me make trades.
One thing that stuck out to me was how people make bets on earnings reports. As a practitioner of machine learning, we LOVE binary events since the problem can be reduced to a simple binary classification problem. With that being said, I sought out to develop a machine learning algorithm to predict whether a company will beat earnings estimates.
I strongly suggest TO NOT USE THIS AS FINANCIAL ADVICE. Please, I could just be a random guy on the internet making things up, and I could have bugs in my code. Just follow along for some fun and don’t make any trades based off of this information 😊
Things other people have tried:
A few other projects have tried to do this to some extent [1,2,3], but some are not directly predicting the outcome of the earnings report or have a very small sample size of a few companies.
The data
This has been the most challenging part of the project. I’m using data for 4,000 common stocks.
Open, high, low, close, volume stock data is often free and easy to come by. I use stock data during the quarter (Jan 1 – Mar 31 stock data for Q1 for example) in a time series classifier. I also incorporate “background” data from several ETFs to give the algorithm a feel for how the market is doing overall (hopefully this accounts for bull/bear markets when making predictions).
I use sentiment analyses extracted from 10K/10Q documents from the previous quarter as described in [4]. This gets passed to a multilayer perceptron neural network.
Data that I’ve tried and doesn’t work to well:
Scraping 10K/10Q manually for US GAAP fields like Assets, Cash, StockholdersEquity, etc. Either I’m not very good at processing the data or most of the tables are incomplete, this doesn’t work well. However, I recently came across this amazing API [5] which will ameliorate most of these problems, and I plan on incorporating this data sometime this week.
Results
After training on about 34,000 data points, the model achieves a 58% accuracy on the test data. Class 1 is beat earnings, Class 2 is miss earnings.. Scroll to the bottom for the predictions for today’s AMC estimates.

https://preview.redd.it/fqapvx2z1tv41.png?width=875&format=png&auto=webp&s=05ea5cae25ee5689edea334f2814e1fa73aa195d
Future Directions
Things I’m going to try:
  • Financial twitter sentiment data (need data for this)
  • Data on options (ToS apparently has stuff that you can use)
  • Using data closer to the earnings report itself rather than just the data within the quarterly date
A note to the dozen people who were following me before
Thank you so much for the early feedback and following. I had a bug in my code which was replicating datapoints, causing my accuracy to be way higher in reality. I’ve modified some things to make the network only output a single value, and I’ve done a lot of bug fixing.
Predictions for 4/30/20 AMC:
A value closer to 1 means that the company will be more likely to beat earnings estimates. Closer to 0 means the company will be more likely to miss earnings estimates. (People familiar with machine learning will note that neural networks don’t actually output a probability distribution so the values don’t actually represent a confidence).
  • Tkr: AAPL NN: 0.504
  • Tkr: AMZN NN: 0.544
  • Tkr: UAL NN: 0.438
  • Tkr: GILD NN: 0.532
  • Tkr: TNDM NN: 0.488
  • Tkr: X NN: 0.511
  • Tkr: AMGN NN: 0.642
  • Tkr: WDC NN: 0.540
  • Tkr: WHR NN: 0.574
  • Tkr: SYK NN: 0.557
  • Tkr: ZEN NN: 0.580
  • Tkr: MGM NN: 0.452
  • Tkr: ILMN NN: 0.575
  • Tkr: MOH NN: 0.500
  • Tkr: FND NN: 0.542
  • Tkr: TWOU NN: 0.604
  • Tkr: OSIS NN: 0.487
  • Tkr: CXO NN: 0.470
  • Tkr: BLDR NN: 0.465
  • Tkr: CASA NN: 0.568
  • Tkr: COLM NN: 0.537
  • Tkr: COG NN: 0.547
  • Tkr: SGEN NN: 0.486
  • Tkr: FMBI NN: 0.496
  • Tkr: PSA NN: 0.547
  • Tkr: BZH NN: 0.482
  • Tkr: LOCO NN: 0.575
  • Tkr: DLA NN: 0.460
  • Tkr: SSNC NN: 0.524
  • Tkr: SWN NN: 0.476
  • Tkr: RMD NN: 0.499
  • Tkr: VKTX NN: 0.437
  • Tkr: EXPO NN: 0.526
  • Tkr: BL NN: 0.516
  • Tkr: FTV NN: 0.498
  • Tkr: ASGN NN: 0.593
  • Tkr: KNSL NN: 0.538
  • Tkr: RSG NN: 0.594
  • Tkr: EBS NN: 0.483
  • Tkr: PRAH NN: 0.598
  • Tkr: RRC NN: 0.472
  • Tkr: ICBK NN: 0.514
  • Tkr: LPLA NN: 0.597
  • Tkr: WK NN: 0.630
  • Tkr: ATUS NN: 0.530
  • Tkr: FBHS NN: 0.587
  • Tkr: SWI NN: 0.521
  • Tkr: TRUP NN: 0.570
  • Tkr: AJG NN: 0.509
  • Tkr: BAND NN: 0.618
  • Tkr: DCO NN: 0.514
  • Tkr: BRKS NN: 0.490
  • Tkr: BY NN: 0.502
  • Tkr: CUZ NN: 0.477
  • Tkr: EMN NN: 0.532
  • Tkr: VICI NN: 0.310
  • Tkr: GLPI NN: 0.371
  • Tkr: MTZ NN: 0.514
  • Tkr: SEM NN: 0.405
  • Tkr: SPSC NN: 0.465
[1] https://towardsdatascience.com/forecasting-earning-surprises-with-machine-learning-68b2f2318936
[2] https://zicklin.baruch.cuny.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/2019/12/Improving-Earnings-Predictions-with-Machine-Learning-Hunt-Myers-Myers.pdf
[3] https://www.euclidean.com/better-than-human-forecasts
[4] https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/edgaedgar.pdf.
[5] https://financialmodelingprep.com/developedocs/
submitted by xXx_Bunga_xXx to wallstreetbets [link] [comments]

MLM Business with Ethereum Dapp and Smart Contract

An MLM software company having more than 15 years of experience with a team of 20+ professionals who are experienced in providing software solutions for new trade around 44 countries.
An MLM programming bundle gave progressed on-line installment procedures is imperative for an MLM organization to maintain an undefeated system promoting business. Bitcoin Integrated MLM programming has extraordinary favorable circumstances nowadays.
Bitcoin trade assumes a critical part of the MLM business around the world. In the event that you have a startup in MLM industry, Our MLM bitcoin software will uncommonly helpful in working together over the world.
📷MLM software is backbone for success of any network marketing organization. It is suitable for both start-ups to mature direct selling companies. There are many mlm companies who are looking for way to succeed in their business. It’s hard to earn distributors and clients to sell your products and improve mlm business. MLM software focus on enrolling distributors and clients to your MLM Company to sell your products and services. This software has so many advantages for all kind of network marketing company. Our MLM software is dedicated to provide fast and reliable software solutions and services to mlm companies. It also focuses on changing distributor behaviour that drives productivity and retention. We are progressive company, identifies and adapting to new technologies in MLM business. We meet many unique challenges in this direct selling industry to create new solutions for our clients.Our team is completely dedicated to providing flexible, stable MLM Software to extend the MLM business concept to a huge success point. We also keep an eye on the latest technological developments so we can improve the MLM software with different latest features built into the Readymade MLM software. We always want to remind you of the most reliable software, data back-up, and support.📷

What is smart contract-enabled MLM?

A smart contract provides the most reliable and tenable structure for executing voluminous transactions without compromising speed or security. The tools and functions of the smart contracts make it an ideal option for any sort of task that involves the exchange of assets from one place to another. The synergy of the whole campaign can be tackled with this technology and it gives you various other benefits as well.
Integration of Smart Contract
When it comes to making smart contracts impeccable for your business, you need to take the forward approach and make the development process more strategic. With this open-source structure, you can bring about positive changes and make your business inclined towards revolutionary mechanisms like peer to peer architecture. It does not only rule out the chances of errors but also give you an upper-hand in operations. This technology helps in establishing a secure network between the end-users and wholesalers. Furthermore, the integration process gives you an insight into the precision of the transactions and it also makes the authorization techniques better.
The blend of Cryptocurrency and MLM
Cryptocurrency makes use of the distributed decentralized ledger and it also keeps you ahead in chasing profits through continuous trading sessions. The implementation and customizing of the strategy give you a systematic process and it makes your enterprise invulnerable to any sort of cyber hoax. While handling different projects, this solution helps you get conducive methods that keep you one step ahead. You can also start various other ventures that give you positive outcomes in every quarter.📷

Successful ventures that used a Crypto-MLM network:

Etrix.io
Etrix.io has built its network application that makes use of Ethereum and totally redefines the scope of smart contracts for its users. On its algorithm, the codes run in the most anonymous way and give you a chance to eliminate the chances of unauthorized sharing of information. It focuses on delivering fast transactions that help you enhance the income, it also facilitates the distribution of tokens among various members.
Forsage
This platform has been developed using an Ethereum-based MLM script that provides a 100% decentralized environment. It makes the most of smart contracts and gives you the leverage of the essential factors of the blockchain technology. By using this platform, you can get familiar with different plans such as Matrix, Binary, and Unilevel.
Some notable advantages of using Forsage Clone Script
Ethereums Cash
It was introduced as a website that allowed the establishment of the Ethereum network with smart contracts. On this platform, the users can use the essential merits of ETH to deliver a large number of transactions while lowering the risks involved in trading. Two types of wallets you can use on this website:
Million Money
It is a one-of-its-kind decentralized app that facilitates the transactions of digital assets using the Ethereum standard at its best. One of the benefits of using this platform is that the contracts cannot be changed. Moreover, the security aspects are unmatched and the amount of transactions you can execute is way better than many other similar platforms. Besides being open-source, it gives you many other advantages such as the auditing section and seamless transfers of coins from one wallet to another. On this platform, you get an ideal environment and productive condition for engaging in profitable buying and selling.
Doubleway
Doubleway has been providing a great range of features and tools to its users. It does not only create a productive environment, but it also succeeds in giving positive results in every single task. It keeps the transactions secure while keeping charges in check and assuring results that are affirming for both the parties involved. This is a platform that you can trust for executing a high volume of transactions sans being worrying about cost, security, or speed.

Advantages you get by blending MLM with Ethereum

Why choose us for Crypto MLM software development?

Crypto MLM Developer gives you premium services when it comes to adapting the power of crypto MLM, we enable your business to take forward steps using this technology at its best. Our developers have mastered Ethereum and can give you the most befitting Dapps as per the nature and needs of your business. We help you embrace this blended concept that renders the growth of the company easier than ever. The make the development of smart contracts and Ethereum Dapps most productive for every enterprise without raising the cost.

Key Features of Global MLM Software

Our software is packed with key advanced features to transform your business. The features and compensation rules can be customized according to your business needs

e-Wallet

The E-wallet plays the role of the virtual money where the members are capable of making transactions. All the incomes and expenses are stored in the form the virtual money.

Genealogy Tree

Genealogy Tree is a user-friendly approach to representing the down-line members under you. It describes of team structure in the form of a tree.

ePIN

Inbuilt e-PIN generator. Member can register using Epin and also Topup their wallet using Epin. Member can generate Epin from their wallet balance automatically

Rank & Rewards

Various Rank setting and Reward setting options to promote hard working affiliates. Level completion and Target Income can be configured depending on business plan.

User Management

Complete User management including user blocking, password reset, delete user, edit user, transfer user and many more. KYC Compliance is also Included.

CMS integration

CMS solves the painful task of updating the content everytime by providing a simple interface through which anyone who has basic computer skills can update content without much effort.

Multi Tier Security

Software includes Multi Tier Authentication machanism. This enables users access the application with peace of mind and perform online transactions.

Business Reports

Wide range of KPIs and reports generated for Business consumption. This enables business to take the appropriate business decisions based on market need.

E-commerce integration *

Global MLM solution can be integrated with E commerce plugins like Magento and Opencart. E commerce integration with your MLM software can take your business across continents.

Repurchase System *

Sell your products/services qith our software and share commission to members, Set per product commission, gap commission, level commission, BV and much more.

SMS Integration *

This is a free feature, where the members can be notified via SMS. The business team can set the SMS notification rules to notify users on different occasions

Payment Gateway *

Wide range of Payment Gateways to enable your users to pay you smoothly online. We offer Instamojo, Payumoney, Coinpayments, Paypal and Block.io.
submitted by ogsoftwaremalaysiakl to u/ogsoftwaremalaysiakl [link] [comments]

MLM Software with ethereum smart contract Dapp

An MLM software company having more than 15 years of experience with a team of 20+ professionals who are experienced in providing software solutions for new trade around 44 countries.
An MLM programming bundle gave progressed on-line installment procedures is imperative for an MLM organization to maintain an undefeated system promoting business. Bitcoin Integrated MLM programming has extraordinary favorable circumstances nowadays.
Bitcoin trade assumes a critical part of the MLM business around the world. In the event that you have a startup in MLM industry, Our MLM bitcoin software will uncommonly helpful in working together over the world.
📷 MLM software is backbone for success of any network marketing organization. It is suitable for both start-ups to mature direct selling companies. There are many mlm companies who are looking for way to succeed in their business. It’s hard to earn distributors and clients to sell your products and improve mlm business. MLM software focus on enrolling distributors and clients to your MLM Company to sell your products and services. This software has so many advantages for all kind of network marketing company. Our MLM software is dedicated to provide fast and reliable software solutions and services to mlm companies. It also focuses on changing distributor behaviour that drives productivity and retention. We are progressive company, identifies and adapting to new technologies in MLM business. We meet many unique challenges in this direct selling industry to create new solutions for our clients.Our team is completely dedicated to providing flexible, stable MLM Software to extend the MLM business concept to a huge success point. We also keep an eye on the latest technological developments so we can improve the MLM software with different latest features built into the Readymade MLM software. We always want to remind you of the most reliable software, data back-up, and support.📷

What is smart contract-enabled MLM?

A smart contract provides the most reliable and tenable structure for executing voluminous transactions without compromising speed or security. The tools and functions of the smart contracts make it an ideal option for any sort of task that involves the exchange of assets from one place to another. The synergy of the whole campaign can be tackled with this technology and it gives you various other benefits as well.
Integration of Smart Contract
When it comes to making smart contracts impeccable for your business, you need to take the forward approach and make the development process more strategic. With this open-source structure, you can bring about positive changes and make your business inclined towards revolutionary mechanisms like peer to peer architecture. It does not only rule out the chances of errors but also give you an upper-hand in operations. This technology helps in establishing a secure network between the end-users and wholesalers. Furthermore, the integration process gives you an insight into the precision of the transactions and it also makes the authorization techniques better.
The blend of Cryptocurrency and MLM
Cryptocurrency makes use of the distributed decentralized ledger and it also keeps you ahead in chasing profits through continuous trading sessions. The implementation and customizing of the strategy give you a systematic process and it makes your enterprise invulnerable to any sort of cyber hoax. While handling different projects, this solution helps you get conducive methods that keep you one step ahead. You can also start various other ventures that give you positive outcomes in every quarter.📷

Successful ventures that used a Crypto-MLM network:

Etrix.io
Etrix.io has built its network application that makes use of Ethereum and totally redefines the scope of smart contracts for its users. On its algorithm, the codes run in the most anonymous way and give you a chance to eliminate the chances of unauthorized sharing of information. It focuses on delivering fast transactions that help you enhance the income, it also facilitates the distribution of tokens among various members.
Forsage
This platform has been developed using an Ethereum-based MLM script that provides a 100% decentralized environment. It makes the most of smart contracts and gives you the leverage of the essential factors of the blockchain technology. By using this platform, you can get familiar with different plans such as Matrix, Binary, and Unilevel.
Some notable advantages of using Forsage Clone Script
Ethereums Cash
It was introduced as a website that allowed the establishment of the Ethereum network with smart contracts. On this platform, the users can use the essential merits of ETH to deliver a large number of transactions while lowering the risks involved in trading. Two types of wallets you can use on this website:
Million Money
It is a one-of-its-kind decentralized app that facilitates the transactions of digital assets using the Ethereum standard at its best. One of the benefits of using this platform is that the contracts cannot be changed. Moreover, the security aspects are unmatched and the amount of transactions you can execute is way better than many other similar platforms. Besides being open-source, it gives you many other advantages such as the auditing section and seamless transfers of coins from one wallet to another. On this platform, you get an ideal environment and productive condition for engaging in profitable buying and selling.
Doubleway
Doubleway has been providing a great range of features and tools to its users. It does not only create a productive environment, but it also succeeds in giving positive results in every single task. It keeps the transactions secure while keeping charges in check and assuring results that are affirming for both the parties involved. This is a platform that you can trust for executing a high volume of transactions sans being worrying about cost, security, or speed.

Advantages you get by blending MLM with Ethereum

Why choose us for Crypto MLM software development?

Crypto MLM Developer gives you premium services when it comes to adapting the power of crypto MLM, we enable your business to take forward steps using this technology at its best. Our developers have mastered Ethereum and can give you the most befitting Dapps as per the nature and needs of your business. We help you embrace this blended concept that renders the growth of the company easier than ever. The make the development of smart contracts and Ethereum Dapps most productive for every enterprise without raising the cost.

Key Features of Global MLM Software

Our software is packed with key advanced features to transform your business. The features and compensation rules can be customized according to your business needs

e-Wallet

The E-wallet plays the role of the virtual money where the members are capable of making transactions. All the incomes and expenses are stored in the form the virtual money.

Genealogy Tree

Genealogy Tree is a user-friendly approach to representing the down-line members under you. It describes of team structure in the form of a tree.

ePIN

Inbuilt e-PIN generator. Member can register using Epin and also Topup their wallet using Epin. Member can generate Epin from their wallet balance automatically

Rank & Rewards

Various Rank setting and Reward setting options to promote hard working affiliates. Level completion and Target Income can be configured depending on business plan.

User Management

Complete User management including user blocking, password reset, delete user, edit user, transfer user and many more. KYC Compliance is also Included.

CMS integration

CMS solves the painful task of updating the content everytime by providing a simple interface through which anyone who has basic computer skills can update content without much effort.

Multi Tier Security

Software includes Multi Tier Authentication machanism. This enables users access the application with peace of mind and perform online transactions.

Business Reports

Wide range of KPIs and reports generated for Business consumption. This enables business to take the appropriate business decisions based on market need.

E-commerce integration *

Global MLM solution can be integrated with E commerce plugins like Magento and Opencart. E commerce integration with your MLM software can take your business across continents.

Repurchase System *

Sell your products/services qith our software and share commission to members, Set per product commission, gap commission, level commission, BV and much more.

SMS Integration *

This is a free feature, where the members can be notified via SMS. The business team can set the SMS notification rules to notify users on different occasions

Payment Gateway *

Wide range of Payment Gateways to enable your users to pay you smoothly online. We offer Instamojo, Payumoney, Coinpayments, Paypal and Block.io.
submitted by MLMsoftwarecompanykl to u/MLMsoftwarecompanykl [link] [comments]

MLM Business with Ethereum Dapp and Smart Contract

An MLM software company having more than 15 years of experience with a team of 20+ professionals who are experienced in providing software solutions for new trade around 44 countries.
An MLM programming bundle gave progressed on-line installment procedures is imperative for an MLM organization to maintain an undefeated system promoting business. Bitcoin Integrated MLM programming has extraordinary favorable circumstances nowadays.
Bitcoin trade assumes a critical part of the MLM business around the world. In the event that you have a startup in MLM industry, Our MLM bitcoin software will uncommonly helpful in working together over the world.
📷MLM software is backbone for success of any network marketing organization. It is suitable for both start-ups to mature direct selling companies. There are many mlm companies who are looking for way to succeed in their business. It’s hard to earn distributors and clients to sell your products and improve mlm business. MLM software focus on enrolling distributors and clients to your MLM Company to sell your products and services. This software has so many advantages for all kind of network marketing company. Our MLM software is dedicated to provide fast and reliable software solutions and services to mlm companies. It also focuses on changing distributor behaviour that drives productivity and retention. We are progressive company, identifies and adapting to new technologies in MLM business. We meet many unique challenges in this direct selling industry to create new solutions for our clients.Our team is completely dedicated to providing flexible, stable MLM Software to extend the MLM business concept to a huge success point. We also keep an eye on the latest technological developments so we can improve the MLM software with different latest features built into the Readymade MLM software. We always want to remind you of the most reliable software, data back-up, and support.📷

What is smart contract-enabled MLM?

A smart contract provides the most reliable and tenable structure for executing voluminous transactions without compromising speed or security. The tools and functions of the smart contracts make it an ideal option for any sort of task that involves the exchange of assets from one place to another. The synergy of the whole campaign can be tackled with this technology and it gives you various other benefits as well.
Integration of Smart Contract
When it comes to making smart contracts impeccable for your business, you need to take the forward approach and make the development process more strategic. With this open-source structure, you can bring about positive changes and make your business inclined towards revolutionary mechanisms like peer to peer architecture. It does not only rule out the chances of errors but also give you an upper-hand in operations. This technology helps in establishing a secure network between the end-users and wholesalers. Furthermore, the integration process gives you an insight into the precision of the transactions and it also makes the authorization techniques better.
The blend of Cryptocurrency and MLM
Cryptocurrency makes use of the distributed decentralized ledger and it also keeps you ahead in chasing profits through continuous trading sessions. The implementation and customizing of the strategy give you a systematic process and it makes your enterprise invulnerable to any sort of cyber hoax. While handling different projects, this solution helps you get conducive methods that keep you one step ahead. You can also start various other ventures that give you positive outcomes in every quarter.📷

Successful ventures that used a Crypto-MLM network:

Etrix.io
Etrix.io has built its network application that makes use of Ethereum and totally redefines the scope of smart contracts for its users. On its algorithm, the codes run in the most anonymous way and give you a chance to eliminate the chances of unauthorized sharing of information. It focuses on delivering fast transactions that help you enhance the income, it also facilitates the distribution of tokens among various members.
Forsage
This platform has been developed using an Ethereum-based MLM script that provides a 100% decentralized environment. It makes the most of smart contracts and gives you the leverage of the essential factors of the blockchain technology. By using this platform, you can get familiar with different plans such as Matrix, Binary, and Unilevel.
Some notable advantages of using Forsage Clone Script
Ethereums Cash
It was introduced as a website that allowed the establishment of the Ethereum network with smart contracts. On this platform, the users can use the essential merits of ETH to deliver a large number of transactions while lowering the risks involved in trading. Two types of wallets you can use on this website:
Million Money
It is a one-of-its-kind decentralized app that facilitates the transactions of digital assets using the Ethereum standard at its best. One of the benefits of using this platform is that the contracts cannot be changed. Moreover, the security aspects are unmatched and the amount of transactions you can execute is way better than many other similar platforms. Besides being open-source, it gives you many other advantages such as the auditing section and seamless transfers of coins from one wallet to another. On this platform, you get an ideal environment and productive condition for engaging in profitable buying and selling.
Doubleway
Doubleway has been providing a great range of features and tools to its users. It does not only create a productive environment, but it also succeeds in giving positive results in every single task. It keeps the transactions secure while keeping charges in check and assuring results that are affirming for both the parties involved. This is a platform that you can trust for executing a high volume of transactions sans being worrying about cost, security, or speed.

Advantages you get by blending MLM with Ethereum

Why choose us for Crypto MLM software development?

Crypto MLM Developer gives you premium services when it comes to adapting the power of crypto MLM, we enable your business to take forward steps using this technology at its best. Our developers have mastered Ethereum and can give you the most befitting Dapps as per the nature and needs of your business. We help you embrace this blended concept that renders the growth of the company easier than ever. The make the development of smart contracts and Ethereum Dapps most productive for every enterprise without raising the cost.

Key Features of Global MLM Software

Our software is packed with key advanced features to transform your business. The features and compensation rules can be customized according to your business needs

e-Wallet

The E-wallet plays the role of the virtual money where the members are capable of making transactions. All the incomes and expenses are stored in the form the virtual money.

Genealogy Tree

Genealogy Tree is a user-friendly approach to representing the down-line members under you. It describes of team structure in the form of a tree.

ePIN

Inbuilt e-PIN generator. Member can register using Epin and also Topup their wallet using Epin. Member can generate Epin from their wallet balance automatically

Rank & Rewards

Various Rank setting and Reward setting options to promote hard working affiliates. Level completion and Target Income can be configured depending on business plan.

User Management

Complete User management including user blocking, password reset, delete user, edit user, transfer user and many more. KYC Compliance is also Included.

CMS integration

CMS solves the painful task of updating the content everytime by providing a simple interface through which anyone who has basic computer skills can update content without much effort.

Multi Tier Security

Software includes Multi Tier Authentication machanism. This enables users access the application with peace of mind and perform online transactions.

Business Reports

Wide range of KPIs and reports generated for Business consumption. This enables business to take the appropriate business decisions based on market need.

E-commerce integration *

Global MLM solution can be integrated with E commerce plugins like Magento and Opencart. E commerce integration with your MLM software can take your business across continents.

Repurchase System *

Sell your products/services qith our software and share commission to members, Set per product commission, gap commission, level commission, BV and much more.

SMS Integration *

This is a free feature, where the members can be notified via SMS. The business team can set the SMS notification rules to notify users on different occasions

Payment Gateway *

Wide range of Payment Gateways to enable your users to pay you smoothly online. We offer Instamojo, Payumoney, Coinpayments, Paypal and Block.io.
submitted by Mlmsoftwaremy to u/Mlmsoftwaremy [link] [comments]

MLM Business with Ethereum Dapp and Smart Contract

An MLM software company having more than 15 years of experience with a team of 20+ professionals who are experienced in providing software solutions for new trade around 44 countries.
An MLM programming bundle gave progressed on-line installment procedures is imperative for an MLM organization to maintain an undefeated system promoting business. Bitcoin Integrated MLM programming has extraordinary favorable circumstances nowadays.
Bitcoin trade assumes a critical part of the MLM business around the world. In the event that you have a startup in MLM industry, Our MLM bitcoin software will uncommonly helpful in working together over the world.
📷MLM software is backbone for success of any network marketing organization. It is suitable for both start-ups to mature direct selling companies. There are many mlm companies who are looking for way to succeed in their business. It’s hard to earn distributors and clients to sell your products and improve mlm business. MLM software focus on enrolling distributors and clients to your MLM Company to sell your products and services. This software has so many advantages for all kind of network marketing company. Our MLM software is dedicated to provide fast and reliable software solutions and services to mlm companies. It also focuses on changing distributor behaviour that drives productivity and retention. We are progressive company, identifies and adapting to new technologies in MLM business. We meet many unique challenges in this direct selling industry to create new solutions for our clients.Our team is completely dedicated to providing flexible, stable MLM Software to extend the MLM business concept to a huge success point. We also keep an eye on the latest technological developments so we can improve the MLM software with different latest features built into the Readymade MLM software. We always want to remind you of the most reliable software, data back-up, and support.📷

What is smart contract-enabled MLM?

A smart contract provides the most reliable and tenable structure for executing voluminous transactions without compromising speed or security. The tools and functions of the smart contracts make it an ideal option for any sort of task that involves the exchange of assets from one place to another. The synergy of the whole campaign can be tackled with this technology and it gives you various other benefits as well.
Integration of Smart Contract
When it comes to making smart contracts impeccable for your business, you need to take the forward approach and make the development process more strategic. With this open-source structure, you can bring about positive changes and make your business inclined towards revolutionary mechanisms like peer to peer architecture. It does not only rule out the chances of errors but also give you an upper-hand in operations. This technology helps in establishing a secure network between the end-users and wholesalers. Furthermore, the integration process gives you an insight into the precision of the transactions and it also makes the authorization techniques better.
The blend of Cryptocurrency and MLM
Cryptocurrency makes use of the distributed decentralized ledger and it also keeps you ahead in chasing profits through continuous trading sessions. The implementation and customizing of the strategy give you a systematic process and it makes your enterprise invulnerable to any sort of cyber hoax. While handling different projects, this solution helps you get conducive methods that keep you one step ahead. You can also start various other ventures that give you positive outcomes in every quarter.📷

Successful ventures that used a Crypto-MLM network:

Etrix.io
Etrix.io has built its network application that makes use of Ethereum and totally redefines the scope of smart contracts for its users. On its algorithm, the codes run in the most anonymous way and give you a chance to eliminate the chances of unauthorized sharing of information. It focuses on delivering fast transactions that help you enhance the income, it also facilitates the distribution of tokens among various members.
Forsage
This platform has been developed using an Ethereum-based MLM script that provides a 100% decentralized environment. It makes the most of smart contracts and gives you the leverage of the essential factors of the blockchain technology. By using this platform, you can get familiar with different plans such as Matrix, Binary, and Unilevel.
Some notable advantages of using Forsage Clone Script
Ethereums Cash
It was introduced as a website that allowed the establishment of the Ethereum network with smart contracts. On this platform, the users can use the essential merits of ETH to deliver a large number of transactions while lowering the risks involved in trading. Two types of wallets you can use on this website:
Million Money
It is a one-of-its-kind decentralized app that facilitates the transactions of digital assets using the Ethereum standard at its best. One of the benefits of using this platform is that the contracts cannot be changed. Moreover, the security aspects are unmatched and the amount of transactions you can execute is way better than many other similar platforms. Besides being open-source, it gives you many other advantages such as the auditing section and seamless transfers of coins from one wallet to another. On this platform, you get an ideal environment and productive condition for engaging in profitable buying and selling.
Doubleway
Doubleway has been providing a great range of features and tools to its users. It does not only create a productive environment, but it also succeeds in giving positive results in every single task. It keeps the transactions secure while keeping charges in check and assuring results that are affirming for both the parties involved. This is a platform that you can trust for executing a high volume of transactions sans being worrying about cost, security, or speed.

Advantages you get by blending MLM with Ethereum

Why choose us for Crypto MLM software development?

Crypto MLM Developer gives you premium services when it comes to adapting the power of crypto MLM, we enable your business to take forward steps using this technology at its best. Our developers have mastered Ethereum and can give you the most befitting Dapps as per the nature and needs of your business. We help you embrace this blended concept that renders the growth of the company easier than ever. The make the development of smart contracts and Ethereum Dapps most productive for every enterprise without raising the cost.

Key Features of Global MLM Software

Our software is packed with key advanced features to transform your business. The features and compensation rules can be customized according to your business needs

e-Wallet

The E-wallet plays the role of the virtual money where the members are capable of making transactions. All the incomes and expenses are stored in the form the virtual money.

Genealogy Tree

Genealogy Tree is a user-friendly approach to representing the down-line members under you. It describes of team structure in the form of a tree.

ePIN

Inbuilt e-PIN generator. Member can register using Epin and also Topup their wallet using Epin. Member can generate Epin from their wallet balance automatically

Rank & Rewards

Various Rank setting and Reward setting options to promote hard working affiliates. Level completion and Target Income can be configured depending on business plan.

User Management

Complete User management including user blocking, password reset, delete user, edit user, transfer user and many more. KYC Compliance is also Included.

CMS integration

CMS solves the painful task of updating the content everytime by providing a simple interface through which anyone who has basic computer skills can update content without much effort.

Multi Tier Security

Software includes Multi Tier Authentication machanism. This enables users access the application with peace of mind and perform online transactions.

Business Reports

Wide range of KPIs and reports generated for Business consumption. This enables business to take the appropriate business decisions based on market need.

E-commerce integration *

Global MLM solution can be integrated with E commerce plugins like Magento and Opencart. E commerce integration with your MLM software can take your business across continents.

Repurchase System *

Sell your products/services qith our software and share commission to members, Set per product commission, gap commission, level commission, BV and much more.

SMS Integration *

This is a free feature, where the members can be notified via SMS. The business team can set the SMS notification rules to notify users on different occasions

Payment Gateway *

Wide range of Payment Gateways to enable your users to pay you smoothly online. We offer Instamojo, Payumoney, Coinpayments, Paypal and Block.io.
submitted by cryptoappfactory_kl to u/cryptoappfactory_kl [link] [comments]

MLM Business with Ethereum Dapp and Smart Contract

An MLM software company having more than 15 years of experience with a team of 20+ professionals who are experienced in providing software solutions for new trade around 44 countries.
An MLM programming bundle gave progressed on-line installment procedures is imperative for an MLM organization to maintain an undefeated system promoting business. Bitcoin Integrated MLM programming has extraordinary favorable circumstances nowadays.
Bitcoin trade assumes a critical part of the MLM business around the world. In the event that you have a startup in MLM industry, Our MLM bitcoin software will uncommonly helpful in working together over the world.
📷MLM software is backbone for success of any network marketing organization. It is suitable for both start-ups to mature direct selling companies. There are many mlm companies who are looking for way to succeed in their business. It’s hard to earn distributors and clients to sell your products and improve mlm business. MLM software focus on enrolling distributors and clients to your MLM Company to sell your products and services. This software has so many advantages for all kind of network marketing company. Our MLM software is dedicated to provide fast and reliable software solutions and services to mlm companies. It also focuses on changing distributor behaviour that drives productivity and retention. We are progressive company, identifies and adapting to new technologies in MLM business. We meet many unique challenges in this direct selling industry to create new solutions for our clients.Our team is completely dedicated to providing flexible, stable MLM Software to extend the MLM business concept to a huge success point. We also keep an eye on the latest technological developments so we can improve the MLM software with different latest features built into the Readymade MLM software. We always want to remind you of the most reliable software, data back-up, and support.📷

What is smart contract-enabled MLM?

A smart contract provides the most reliable and tenable structure for executing voluminous transactions without compromising speed or security. The tools and functions of the smart contracts make it an ideal option for any sort of task that involves the exchange of assets from one place to another. The synergy of the whole campaign can be tackled with this technology and it gives you various other benefits as well.
Integration of Smart Contract
When it comes to making smart contracts impeccable for your business, you need to take the forward approach and make the development process more strategic. With this open-source structure, you can bring about positive changes and make your business inclined towards revolutionary mechanisms like peer to peer architecture. It does not only rule out the chances of errors but also give you an upper-hand in operations. This technology helps in establishing a secure network between the end-users and wholesalers. Furthermore, the integration process gives you an insight into the precision of the transactions and it also makes the authorization techniques better.
The blend of Cryptocurrency and MLM
Cryptocurrency makes use of the distributed decentralized ledger and it also keeps you ahead in chasing profits through continuous trading sessions. The implementation and customizing of the strategy give you a systematic process and it makes your enterprise invulnerable to any sort of cyber hoax. While handling different projects, this solution helps you get conducive methods that keep you one step ahead. You can also start various other ventures that give you positive outcomes in every quarter.📷

Successful ventures that used a Crypto-MLM network:

Etrix.io
Etrix.io has built its network application that makes use of Ethereum and totally redefines the scope of smart contracts for its users. On its algorithm, the codes run in the most anonymous way and give you a chance to eliminate the chances of unauthorized sharing of information. It focuses on delivering fast transactions that help you enhance the income, it also facilitates the distribution of tokens among various members.
Forsage
This platform has been developed using an Ethereum-based MLM script that provides a 100% decentralized environment. It makes the most of smart contracts and gives you the leverage of the essential factors of the blockchain technology. By using this platform, you can get familiar with different plans such as Matrix, Binary, and Unilevel.
Some notable advantages of using Forsage Clone Script
Ethereums Cash
It was introduced as a website that allowed the establishment of the Ethereum network with smart contracts. On this platform, the users can use the essential merits of ETH to deliver a large number of transactions while lowering the risks involved in trading. Two types of wallets you can use on this website:
Million Money
It is a one-of-its-kind decentralized app that facilitates the transactions of digital assets using the Ethereum standard at its best. One of the benefits of using this platform is that the contracts cannot be changed. Moreover, the security aspects are unmatched and the amount of transactions you can execute is way better than many other similar platforms. Besides being open-source, it gives you many other advantages such as the auditing section and seamless transfers of coins from one wallet to another. On this platform, you get an ideal environment and productive condition for engaging in profitable buying and selling.
Doubleway
Doubleway has been providing a great range of features and tools to its users. It does not only create a productive environment, but it also succeeds in giving positive results in every single task. It keeps the transactions secure while keeping charges in check and assuring results that are affirming for both the parties involved. This is a platform that you can trust for executing a high volume of transactions sans being worrying about cost, security, or speed.

Advantages you get by blending MLM with Ethereum

Why choose us for Crypto MLM software development?

Crypto MLM Developer gives you premium services when it comes to adapting the power of crypto MLM, we enable your business to take forward steps using this technology at its best. Our developers have mastered Ethereum and can give you the most befitting Dapps as per the nature and needs of your business. We help you embrace this blended concept that renders the growth of the company easier than ever. The make the development of smart contracts and Ethereum Dapps most productive for every enterprise without raising the cost.

Key Features of Global MLM Software

Our software is packed with key advanced features to transform your business. The features and compensation rules can be customized according to your business needs

e-Wallet

The E-wallet plays the role of the virtual money where the members are capable of making transactions. All the incomes and expenses are stored in the form the virtual money.

Genealogy Tree

Genealogy Tree is a user-friendly approach to representing the down-line members under you. It describes of team structure in the form of a tree.

ePIN

Inbuilt e-PIN generator. Member can register using Epin and also Topup their wallet using Epin. Member can generate Epin from their wallet balance automatically

Rank & Rewards

Various Rank setting and Reward setting options to promote hard working affiliates. Level completion and Target Income can be configured depending on business plan.

User Management

Complete User management including user blocking, password reset, delete user, edit user, transfer user and many more. KYC Compliance is also Included.

CMS integration

CMS solves the painful task of updating the content everytime by providing a simple interface through which anyone who has basic computer skills can update content without much effort.

Multi Tier Security

Software includes Multi Tier Authentication machanism. This enables users access the application with peace of mind and perform online transactions.

Business Reports

Wide range of KPIs and reports generated for Business consumption. This enables business to take the appropriate business decisions based on market need.

E-commerce integration *

Global MLM solution can be integrated with E commerce plugins like Magento and Opencart. E commerce integration with your MLM software can take your business across continents.

Repurchase System *

Sell your products/services qith our software and share commission to members, Set per product commission, gap commission, level commission, BV and much more.

SMS Integration *

This is a free feature, where the members can be notified via SMS. The business team can set the SMS notification rules to notify users on different occasions

Payment Gateway *

Wide range of Payment Gateways to enable your users to pay you smoothly online. We offer Instamojo, Payumoney, Coinpayments, Paypal and Block.io.
submitted by cryptosoftmalaysiakl to u/cryptosoftmalaysiakl [link] [comments]

Weekly Wrap: This Week In Chainlink June 27 - July 5

Weekly Wrap: This Week In Chainlink June 27 - July 5
Weekly Wrap: This Week In Chainlink June 27 - July 5

Announcements and Integrations 🎉

Developers can now use Chainlink's Fast Gas/Gwei Price Reference Feed for a decentralized on-chain source of the current fast gas price on Ethereum. Referencing Chainlink's fast gas price at the point of execution ensures users don't overpay for gas.
One of the world’s top cryptocurrency exchanges Huobi Global is making its exchange data available to smart contracts through the Chainlink Network. Additionally, Huobi Wallet is currently running a live Chainlink Node.
Bullionix, a dApp for minting 3D gold-staked NFTs, has successfully integrated Chainlink's XAU/USD Price Reference Feed into their system. This provides Bullionix with a highly reliable & manipulation resistant gold price for tracking the gold market.
Gelato Network, a protocol for automating dApps, is live on mainnet using Chainlink's Fast Gas/Gwei Price Reference Data. Gelato applies the fast gas price at the point of contract maturity, ensuring users pay the fair market price & can control gas costs.
NFT-focused Polyient Games is integrating Chainlink VRF to assure transparency for the minting and random distribution of PGFK rewards—a membership NFT that provides lifetime rewards & perks to holders within the Polyient Games Ecosystem.
Cargo.Build, the all-in-one NFT platform for developers, artists, and collectors, is integrating Chainlink VRF to offer highly scalable white-labeled NFT minting services to enterprise game companies.

Featured Videos & Educational Pieces 🎥

Join the Bancor team and Chainlink for a video Q&A with Nate Hindman (Head of Growth), Asaf Shachaf (Head of Product) of Bancor. The discussion will be centered on Bancor's integration with Chainlink and a deep-dive into Bancor V2.

In our first DeFi series article, we take a deeper look into automated market maker (AMM) based decentralized exchanges (DEX) and how Chainlink oracles are used in @Bancor's V2 release to help resolve the problem of impermanent loss for volatile assets.

Ecosystem & Community Celebrations 👏

Upcoming Events 📅

Are you interested in hosting your own meetup? Apply to become a Chainlink Community Advocate today: https://events.chain.link/advocate

SmartContract is hiring to build Chainlink’s network: Check out these open roles 👩‍💼

View all open roles at https://careers.smartcontract.com
submitted by linkedkeenan to Chainlink [link] [comments]

Banca internacional #07 CH – Investment banking, arbitrage, crypto y hedging diario

Este contenido fue publicado originalmente el 21/10/2019 - Aca
Posts anteriores de la serie

Background
Este es el primer post en el que me han ayudado tres usuarios residentes en la República Argentina. Los conejillos de Indias de la Banca Internacional que dieron un paso al frente mediante una pesquisa vía discord de mi parte.
Bajo un acuerdo unánime y siguiendo el modus operandi de Banca Internacional, se los mantendrá en el anonimato. Los detalles sobre las transacciones, tarjetas y bancos de Argentina han sido posible gracias a ellos, inclusive del tacaño.

Introducción
Durante los dos últimos meses han cambiado montones de cosas en la República Argentina. De los eventos que son de mi interés, se han impuesto controles de capitales conocidos localmente como el “cepo cambiario” y mediante estos posts algunos usuarios han expresado interés en servicios, divisas o inversiones las cuales no están disponibles en Argentina.
Más allá de los cambios a nivel económico, se han generado oportunidades de inversión local vía arbitrage. En principio de Bonos como el AY24 hasta que el Banco Central de la Republica Argentina actuó para mitigar el fácil acceso al yield que esta operatoria generaba. Luego, bajo una operatoria similar un gran grupo de usuarios se volcó a realizar arbitrage de crypto-assets. En general topándose con problemas de libre movimiento de capital desde y hacia los exchanges o viéndose forzados a pagar comisiones medianamente altas las que disminuían el yield de la operatoria. Este post, ofrece una solución efectiva a este problema de manera (esperemos) permanente.
Otros usuarios han demostrado interés en poder resguardarse de una futura crisis en el Dólar Americano, vía depósitos en Francos Suizos, Yuan Renmimbi, Singapore Dollar, Euros, Libras Esterlinas y metales preciosos como el Oro y la Plata. Para estos usuarios este post también es relevante.

Suiza
Suiza, oficialmente La Confederación Suiza, país que se encuentra en el centro de Europa. Si bien su capital oficial es Berna, esta y Geneva son capitales (y centros) financieros globales. Zug y sus alrededores, se han (están en proceso con algunos setbacks) convertido en centros de desarrollo de crypto-assests, blockchain y fintech.
No es parte de la EU, European Union, tampoco del EEA, European Economic Area o de la Eurozona. Pero participa del tratado Shengen (en parte) y del EU Single Market. Si bien la divisa nacional, tanto como la de Liechtenstein es el Franco Suizo (CHF), el cual posee un protocolo de pagos y transferencias propias también es parte del área SEPA. El CHF es también usado en otras zonas de Europa de facto o simplemente no oficial como Campione d’Italia.
Campione, un poco off-topic, es un enclave Italiano dentro del territorio suizo en la costa del lago de Lugano. Utilizan el Franco Suizo ya que la mayoría de sus residentes eligen utilizar bancos Suizos. Campione, es un tax haven y los residentes fiscales tienen beneficios interesantes como poder hacer trade de bonos vía entidades Suizas libre de impuestos.
Centro financiero mundial, las ideas asociadas con Suiza siempre son las mismas. Secrecía bancaria, lavado de activos, “cuentas numeradas” y similares fantasías perpetradas por Hollywood.
Es verdad que en Suiza la evasión impositiva no es considerada un delito. CRS, Common reporting Standard, es una realidad inevitable. -Argentina es miembro-
Las cuentas numeradas son una idea de los 60’s de las películas de James Bond. Y el lavado de activos, si Uds. Siguen estos posts saben que sucede a nivel global y es un mal que afecta a todos los centros financieros.
Como en otras jurisdicciones a nivel global existen diferentes tipos de banca. Private Retail (No confundir con Privada), Privada, Transaccional, de negocios, Corporativa y de Inversión.
Dentro de la banca de inversión existen brokers de prácticamente todos los instrumentos y commodities a nivel mundial.
Los brokers de FX Suizos tienen una peculiaridad, siendo que bajo regulación del FINMA como requerimiento para brokering FX se les exige una licencia bancaria.
Consecuentemente los brokers de FX son a su vez Bancos que pueden funcionar como bancos retail.

CRS: Si.

Taxacion:
No residentes
Dividendos: De 0 a 35%
Intereses: De 0 a 35%
Regalias: 0%

Controles de capitales: No.

Dukascopy Bank S.A. uno de los gigantes suizos en lo que respecta a banca de inversión. FX, CFDs, Commodities y Cryptocurrencies. Las cuentas disponibles varían medianamente entre jurisdicciones pero en general existen por separado y en conjunto lo que genera una gran confusión al momento de intentar decidir a qué servicio o paquete aplicar.
Operan en diferentes jurisdicciones bajo diferentes entidades y subsidiarias. Suiza, Latvia, Japón, Rusia, Ucrania y Hong Kong.
Al que le interese hacer trading de FX, Dukascopy ofrece soporte para MetaTrader 4, JForex, JForex Web y aplicaciones móviles.

Las cuentas disponibles son
Y mixes de las anteriores. En general hay una sobreposicion de servicios entre los ofrecimientos y es lo que genera más confusión. Diferentes jurisdicciones tienen productos iguales o similares pero bajo diferentes costos.
Por una cuestión de simplicidad el post está centrado en Dukascopy Bank S.A. Suiza y no solo en esa entidad, sino en particular en el producto de nombre Mobile Current Account.

Regulación:

Dukascopy Bank – Suiza
https://www.dukascopy.bank
Licencia: Bancaria (Licenciado y supervisado por FINMA)
Cuentas: Personal/Business.
Deposito Mínimo: No requiere.
Costo de mantenimiento: No.
Tarjeta: Si, Visa física y virtual disponibles.
No-residentes: Si, total soporte.
Detalles: La Mobile Current Account ofrece acceso a depósitos en 23 divisas. Todos los IBANs son suizos, con lo que se puede recibir EUR y CHF vía Transferwise. Tiene soporte para enviar y recibir depósitos vía SEPA y SWIFT para todas las divisas. Pueden efectivamente hacer una transferencia desde su banco directo a Dukascopy.
Suiza, por no ser Unión Europea permite la emisión de tarjetas de débito a no residentes en la confederación o la Unión Europea. Cosa que muchos bancos o EMIs con apertura de cuenta online no ofrecen. La tarjeta tiene costo.

Cargos relevantes (Para transacciones en EUR, para operaciones en otras divisas consultar el link)
https://www.dukascopy.bank/swiss/fees-limits/
Transferencias entre cuentas internas: Gratis
Transferencias dentro Dukascopy Group: Gratis
Depósitos a Dukascopy Card: Gratis
Retiros de Dukascopy Card: Gratis
Depósitos vía tarjetas de Crédito o Debito: 1.2% (En EUR)
Transferencias SEPA: EUR 2.30
Transferencias SWIFT: EUR 20
Aviso: Existen más cargos no relevantes al post, otras opciones de depósito y retiro vía tarjetas de otros bancos, Neteller y Skrill. Lean los detalles antes de operar.

Cargos de la tarjeta Dukascopy
Costo tarjeta Dukascopy física: CHF 18.5
Costo mensual de la tarjeta Dukascopy física: CHF 1
Costo tarjeta Dukascopy virtual: CHF 5
Costo mensual de la tarjeta Dukascopy virtual: CHF 5

Limites
Depósitos per quarter: EUR 3000
Balance: EUR 50.000
Los límites se pueden ampliar hasta el 450% enviando documentación sobre su ocupación, ingresos y residencia fiscal. Los limites se resetean los 1ro Enero, 1ro de Abril, 1ro de Julio y 1ro de Octubre.

Registro y onboarding
Dukascopy Bank (Mobile current account) con onboarding digital vía una app llamada Dukascopy 911, la cual es una especie de social network bancaria. Por registrarse vía esa app el usuario recibe 5 DKUs, un token de Dukascopy que tiene un (soft) peg al Euro. El chat de soporte y los webinars son vía esta aplicación. Una manera de generar extra DKUs es contestando preguntas y participando en la red social la cual dependiendo de la performance del usuario reparte tokens a modo de recompensa.
La cuenta bancaria en si una vez registrada, si bien se puede operar desde Dukascopy 911 es preferible operarla desde Dukascopy Bank, otra aplicación. Desde esta última, pueden abrir una cuenta en EUR y hacer el funding inicial vía tarjeta de débito o crédito.

Particularidades importantes
En los fees se discrimina entre transferencias SEPA y Wires (SWIFT, de más alto costo) sin embargo en la aplicación solo existe una opción, Wires. Si el usuario elige EUR como divisa y utiliza datos bancarios de la Unión Europea, el banco detecta esto y hace la transferencia vía el medio más económico. Hay que prestar atención de usar los datos bancarios correctos de la entidad a la que se intenta hacer el deposito cosa de evitar a toda costa utilizar datos bancarios SWIFT en lugar del preferido, más económico y eficiente SEPA.

Beneficios
El beneficio principal se preguntaran…?
Dukascopy acepta depósitos vía tarjetas de crédito y débito bajo una comisión de solo 1.2% (En Euros) y la cuenta móvil no tiene fees de mantenimiento. Se pueden hacer transferencias SEPA directo a exchanges como Binance Jersey la cual ya establecimos que tiene de los fees más bajos del mercado.
Se han probado tarjetas de Argentina Visa y Mastercard de débito y crédito. Un solo usuario tuvo problemas con tarjeta de BruBank pero pudo utilizar su tarjeta de crédito y como beneficio sumar millas (en el caso del usuario el deposito fue tomado como compra y no genero gastos de adelanto de efectivo).
El monto máximo que se ha podido autorizar con tarjetas Argentinas fue de EUR 1000 , sin embargo varios depósitos consecutivos de EUR 500 también funcionaron. Un usuario se comunico con Visa para autorizar los pagos y desde ese momento no tuvo más problemas. Lamentablemente depositos de EUR 1.7 han fallado...

EDIT: El monto maximo depositado en las pruebas fue de EUR 1000 y no de EUR 850 como se habia posteado originalmente.

Referrals
Algunos usuarios me preguntan sobre referrals de servicios que he posteado en el pasado a modo de recompensa por el tiempo que invierto a nivel personal haciendo research y escribiendo. Si bien algunos de estos servicios ofrecen recompensas, no es algo que vaya par en par con mi moral.
Desde que comencé a escribir sobre banca y servicios financieros, solo ha habido un solo referral, el de Binance Jersey. El cual visto las reglas no paga absolutamente nada, pero si me interesaba a modo de monitorear el nivel de suscripción.
Desde mi punto de vista, los referrals, viniendo de mi parte son poco éticos. Se puede dar a entender que en lugar de informar sobre el mejor servicio, se comparte uno el cual beneficia al que refiere a costas de los usuarios referidos y es posible (muy) que los usuarios no estén al tanto de esta situación.
Por este motivo desde este momento empezando desde el artículo titulado Digital assets C01 – JE | Offshore digital assets, al final del post se van a encontrar con una sección de Donations con 5 direcciones de crypto donde pueden transferir lo que les parezca adecuado.
Los cálculos de retorno efectivo haciendo arbitrage de crypto utilizando los servicios de mis posts varían desde el 12% al 17%.
Desde ya les agradezco por su generosidad y si ustedes quieren hacer referral de cualquier servicio por su cuenta me parece perfecto. Esta regla es pura y exclusivamente mía por una cuestión de neutralidad y ética.
Desde ya muchas gracias por ofrecer el apoyo que ofrecen y los comentarios constructivos.

Links de registro e información
Para la cuenta de la cual se discute en el post
Dukascopy Mobile Bank
Para trade en Suiza
Dukascopy Bank S.A.

Donations.
Token Wallet address BTC 19xvUdQoZosrzYKNaTCK834zRkg5Bogop BCH qqqmyqjspnq0fazk9wvv0elc8vxdp2rkvgfqs3s87x LTC LKNvBgwEtE3w7oEUYiSVb96qCe7xFDBvp8 ETH/DAI 0x1cbbcf2ca8849893ad7feac5ef5c735f6d91fa4e XMR 44AXEt8ZkmjgGuUrPaoNTzBGhp92L3HozSYxAip7dz8qL6A3neJBriLRSjC8Qnam4tEhfw2yXzcXsbZ2dJiWHDC7Ji8nBvx 
submitted by diyexageh to LATAM_PersonalFinance [link] [comments]

[21yo] This is my financial story. Any suggestion for the next movement?

At first i wasn't sure about posting this because my context isn't the one of someone in a first world country, but hopefully you can still give me some advice or insight.
I live in a country of south america with a financial crisis going on due to the highest hyperinflation in the world. Two years ago I was living alone and studying in college, but suddenly my father lost his job so I moved back home and enrolled in another university while working part-time. After a while the crisis increased and he decided to move abroad so he could help us with more money. Unfortunately that didn't work for him, at the end he decided to settle there and is living his life with a minimum wage paycheck to paycheck.
On the other hand, due to the situation I had to stop college again to work full time in the company, teaching in a private languages institute. I considered myself kind of lucky because i was making one way more than many professionals here and certainly more than I could have made trying to find another job with my curriculum. It was ok because I was earning in dollars and most of jobs were paying with the national currency, which is literally nothing.
So, I spent 2019 like that; working hard, got a promotion and was earning almost enough to pay all the basic bills in my household, but feeling completely miserable because of how demanding and time consuming it was in comparison with what I was earning, which was around $350 dollars a month. Take into account that I don't have to pay rent and all the services here are extremely cheap.
On december I was expecting to get paid something for vacations but it didn't happen so I tried an idea online and made $700 in a week (merely luck) so I just spent the whole month resting and enjoying life again. During those days made the decision to quit, but on january they offered me managing a department and i accepted because I thought that it would be useful to have that experience. Then again, I was selling my soul to the devil because I had to wait a while until I could start working as the manager.
Now we get to the present: covid-19 happened and the company stopped working since quarantine started. That job was my only source of income. I was living week to week with $45 and I didn't have any money in that moment. So the first day of quarantine I quickly started to work online, set daily and weekly goals. First week made $160 and closed the month with $795 as savings in my account. I spent $80-$100 weekly.
So, first week of next month was good, I hit $1200 and i decided it was a good moment to invest. I enrolled in a trading academy for $235 to learn and work with binary options, they also have a network marketing system but I'm not into that. Just started a few days ago, up until know i've just been studying about it.
I'm very good at saving money, but I just want to try to make more money online and then invest it. So, here are some of my questions:
1) being in my position, would you invest money in something?
2) do you consider it's better for me to bring some products from china and then running an online business here In my country?
3) would you move abroad?
submitted by hazeldous to povertyfinance [link] [comments]

The Binary Book Scam Is One of the Most Popular Options Scam and here’s everything you need to know about it

In April 2016, Binary Book was added to the CFTC's RED list for illegally soliciting U.S. Residents. In May 2017, There was an FPA Traders Court guilty vote against this company. The FPA recommended a high level of caution dealing with Binary Book scam unless this issue can be resolved. Lee Elbaz, the CEO of Yukom, has been arrested by the US FBI for wire fraud and conspiracy to commit wire fraud. Yukom is the parent company of BinaryBook and BigOption.
The first thing that you will certainly notice concerning the dealer is its high deposit amounts. Typically the amount was corresponding to the lifetime savings of certain persons. High returns had been promised but these kinds of high returns when it comes to binary trading is simply not possible in all.
Binary Book scam has been exposed was because of the fact there were zero social networking accounts related with the bank account. This was a new clear cut instance of how typically the scammers wanted to be able to extort quick money and back off together with it in typically the very first place. Inside order to stay away from a setback, these people opened a Facebook account but that was inactive regarding quite a while. All reputed brokerages stay connected with dealers via their sociable accounts but that was not typically the case here.
Presently there is also a FPA Traders guilty vote against the company. The FPA recommends a high level regarding caution coping with Binary Book unless this particular issue could be solved. Binary Book also provides also been extra to the CFTC's RED list with regard to illegally soliciting its customers, clearly signifying the point that right now there are reasons exactly why it ended upward being a deceptive service.
Also, in accordance with certain reviewers through various binary discussion boards, the company marketed a lot of private information as to whenever they signed up with regard to the company, these people started getting a new large amount of spam e-mail from different binary sites across the world. This will be plainly indicative regarding the fact that will that they sell private details for a cost to all kinds of brokers and firms across the world.
About First Option Recovery
First Option Recovery, as a fund recovery firm, has managed to expose fraudulent companies for over a decade now and you can be assured that their unique methodology of dealing with such scams will definitely help you bring your money back and get it refunded into your bank account within a record period of 90 days. As a fund recovery group, they have dedicated themselves to eradicating financial frauds across the world and with the amount of experience that they carry and the legal advisors that they have, we believe that that they are the best fund recovery group in the world right now.
submitted by Shubhangi22 to u/Shubhangi22 [link] [comments]

The Revolution in Online Trading and Investing

The era of modernizing is real life where all the businesses are seeking flexible frameworks & reliable innovations because of their progress. Where all the accounting industries are amazed by innovations like cloud computing & online working portals, a majority of users residing in the same industry aren't conscious of its complexities. For already accessing users of Intuit's QuickBooks desktop editions, integrating data to web-based software approach is apparently one of the very most exquisite alternatives for excelling in the marketplace.

Fortunately, the cloud-based QuickBooks give ease-of-accessing data over cloud network, ease-of-operating files from any device & OS and ease-of-collaborating with team members from anyplace & at any time but still lacks many features which are required by way of a QuickBooks desktop edition user. To be able to host QuickBooks desktop edition to cloud network, a traditional hosting provider is a must who installs & manages software & company's data on their cloud-based servers.

It is true that user will no longer need to put in QuickBooks software on their PC, as the Internet is sufficient to get into both, software & data on server's cloud network. Though, after having anywhere near this much ease, the consumer still needs the initial underlying technologies i.e. Windows on the local machine & QuickBooks software.

Distinct from True SaaS or Cloud-based Application Approach!

QuickBooks hosting is somehow a different approach from that of SaaS or cloud-based based applications. SaaS, Software as a Service is just a web-based application solution or model the place where a single application and data framework can be obtained which serves nearly all users. For particular software, the web-based application can be used as a service and the actual infrastructure in support is hidden from the user binary options. On another hand, hosted QuickBooks service works having its initial QuickBooks desktop editions as created by Intuit. So the initial requirements such as the PC-based installing of software, deployment of the applying as per user & usage of more resources is likely to be still there with the cloud-based hosting approach.

Eventually, SaaS is just a cost-efficient architecture for users in which functionalities like system redundancy and fault tolerance are inbuilt in the answer itself. Whereas hosted QuickBooks approach is comparatively higher and offers complexity to its users.

Choosing the Right & Wise Move for Your Business!

Users who are considering shifting from locally-installed QuickBooks to hosted QuickBooks desktop editions as a clever move might fall abruptly if continues without embracing the proper level of knowledge. Yes, that's true! The shifting is proving very theraputic for all the businesses but limited to as long as they aren't getting conscious of technologies like SaaS. Usually, for both small-sized & medium-sized businesses, it's advisory to cognize the depth of perks before fascinating with the width of features.

There are many other perspectives which are predicting the idea of hosting with QuickBooks application, which can be complicating the process of being a web-based cloud network business:

Dilemma of Licensing: Licensing is the hardest task to convey by any third party service providers as installing the authentic software licensing level & give proper set-up to multiple degrees of software asks preciseness which can be somehow difficult to supply by all. Many times the company implements the same procedure to be able to fulfill the installation process and doesn't give attention to a particular business needs which supply a generic setup to each user unwittingly.

Verdict of Third Party Applications: Intuit itself checks each company before allowing them to offer hosting services to QuickBooks users. The companies are thus authentic to Intuit and tend to be referred to as third party service providers in the market. It is mandatory to evaluate the risks that could conquer while integrating your business data with any hosting provider. The risks are majorly confronting the users only when platforms and hosting software aren't fully licensed.

Maze of Multiple User Performance & Number of Servers: Initially, the QuickBooks desktop version wasn't designed to run by multiple users over single PC until the presence of QuickBooks hosting is available in the notice. Many times while working for a passing fancy cloud-network it's quite hard for multi-users to get their command done as less option of command-handler makes the workability strict and thus takes enough time to accomplish the task. Hosting provider, to be able to solve the scenario, allows more servers to the same number of users being in the working environment- which subsequently make the task delivery process complex & expensive.
So these three main practices that mostly become complications for third-party hosting providers are the reason making QuickBooks hosting a complicated process for all the businesses. The integration goes inflow until the consumer itself gets acknowledged with any scarcity of provider. But once the consumer gets to learn his worth, he finds the whole process complicated.
submitted by abelrichard to u/abelrichard [link] [comments]

An electrical engineers opinion on the Librem 5.

Hello everyone. In light of the most recent update, "Supplying the Demand", I would like to share my opinions on the current state of this device.
The following is some basic info of my background. You are free to criticize any and all aspects of this post.
  1. I am an electrical engineer who specializes in digital signal processing (DSP), systems (debug), and comms.
  2. I currently work at a large company that operates in the cell phone industry. My roll is within a 5G research/testing department.
  3. This is my main Reddit account which is reasonably old and active. I typically lurk a lot and rarely post.
  4. My knowledge of programing is very limited. I preform 95% of my job functions with Python and Matlab. This will be a hardware and systems level discussion of the Librem 5.
The CEO of Purism, Mr. Todd Weaver, outlined three major problem areas within the current iteration of the Librem 5: Thermals, Power, and Reception. Let us go through these in order.
=========================================================
Thermals:
Thermals and power are closely intertwined so let's only focus on Purism's options to fix thermals, assuming they make no changes to improve power consumption. Given that the Librem 5 is (thankfully) a thick device, I see no reason why Purism would not be able to fix the thermal issues. In a worst case scenario, they would have to redo the motherboard layout, add some thermal pads/paste, and maybe add a thin yet expensive copper vapor chamber. This would result in a worst case scenario of a possible delay and additional bill of material cost of 20-30 dollars. In my opinion, the thermal problems are solvable and within reach.
Power:
Because of the strict requirements Purism placed on the goals of this device (regarding binary blobs), they have chosen modem(s) that were not designed for this use case. All four variants of the offered modems by both modem vendors (Gemalto and Broadmobi) are internet of things (IOT) class chips. From an EE perspective, these modems are fine in the right context.
Industrial communication with large equipment (shipping yards)?
Great.
Vending machine credit card processing?
Also Great.
A mobile device (UE) that users will be moving around (mobility) and expecting good reception on a strict power budget?
And thus we arrive at the root of the power and reception issues. I am going to talk about reception in it's own section so lets talk power.
The large modem vendors in the smartphone space (Qualcomm, Samsung, Huwawei/HiSillicon, MediaTek, Intel) spend an huge amount of time and effort on power management features. Not only is logic level hardware design done with power in mind, but once the chip is fully taped out, months of effort by 100's of engineers is sunk to improve power characteristics via firmware development and testing. As much as we all hate binary blobs that may (probably) spy on us, these companies have good reason to keep their firmware (and thus power saving IP) secret. Significant competitive advantages are created between the modem vendors from this firmware and digital logic level power savings effort.
When a company markets their modem as "IOT", they are effectively admitting that little to no effort was done to keep chip power in check. In the example IOT applications I mentioned (vending machine's and large industrial equipment), power does not matter. The devices themselves draw far more power than the modem that will be inside. Space is not a concern. So companies making IOT products with these modems simply ignore the power draw and slap on a large heat-sink. From lurking on linux and /Purism , I have seem others call out the modems without going in depth to why these products even exist. Yes, the specifications and capabilities of these modems are far lower. So be it. I think all of use are fine with "100 MBit" peak down-link (reality will be 10-20). The problem is that these chips were not designed for power efficiency and never intended to be in a small compact device. You would not put the engine of a Prius into a flatbed truck. The engineers at Toyota never intended for a Prius engine to go inside such a vehicle. The same situation has happened here.
Now on to how Purism can fix this power problem. With a herculean effort, the firmware developers employed by Purism (and hopefully some community members) can improve power characteristics. I suspect Purism employees have spent most of their time getting the modem firmware and RF-fronted SW into a functional state. There was a blog post somewhere where a Purism employee brought up a call over the air (OTA). I can't find it but that was by far the most important milestone of their effort. Getting past RACH and acquiring a base-station OTA is huge in the industry. The first phase of binary blob development is predominately focused on integrating features while avoiding attach failures and BLER issues. In this first phase, power saving features are typically disabled to make everything else easier to debug. It is safe to say that the Purism employees have neither had the time nor the resources to even start on modem/RF power saving features. Again, in my opinion, the power problem can be solved but this will be a huge massive incredible exhausting undertaking.
Reception:
As I have explained above, IOT-class modems are not designed for, and do not care for certain features. Certain features are really necessary for a regular smartphone (henceforth refereed to as a "UE") to function well. Some examples are:
  1. Mobility. The ability of a UE to switch to new base-stations as the user travels (walking, driving, whatever). This is distinct from the ability of the UE to attach (pass RACH msg 4) to a cell tower from boot or a total signal loss.
  2. Compatibility with all LTE bands. This is why Purism has to support four modems and why you the user will likely to have a somewhat unpleasant time setting things up.
  3. Interoperability testing vs Standards Regression Testing. Suppose that LTE specs can have 1000 different configurations for a cell network and towers within that network. Large modem vendors rigorously test 100's of possible configurations, even if the carriers (Verizon, Sprint, China Mobil, ...) and the base-station vendors (Huwawei, Nokia, Ericsson, ...) only use a few dozen possible configurations. This means that niche bugs are unfortunately likely to show up.
  4. Low-SNR performance. Companies who deploy these modems either place their devices in physical locations that get good SNR (20 dBm ish) or they just attach a giant antenna to get an extra 6-10 dB gain. Users of cellular devices want to still have basic connectivity for voice calls, SMS texts, and notification batches... even if the SNR is bad (1-bar ~= 7 dB SNR; NOTE: EE's use SNR and SINR interchangeably based on background) users still expect basic functionality. IOT modems do not have the hardware blocks to handle low-SNR signals. This is to keep the chip small and cheap. Some DSP tricks like higher order filter banks, over-sampling, and many other linear algebra tricks likely can not run on the modem in real time, rendering them useless. (wireless channel coherence is often quite short)
What concerns me the most is that in the "Supplying the Demand" post, Mr. Weaver only implies that there is a reception issue by very briefly mentioning an "antenna routing" problem. I do not find the claim plausible. UE base-band antennas are typically PIFA, patch, or Log periodic in design. Depending on many factors which are beyond my knowledge, you can get around 6-15 dB of gain from antennas alone. Even though I am a DSP engineer, my job requires me to have a surface level knowledge of antenna radiation patterns. Up front, I can tell you that antenna placement can not and is not a issue. In the Librem 5 batches that do not have metal construction. There should be zero problems. Plastic does not interfere with radio waves enough to cause more than 1-1.5 dB loss in the absolute worst case. In the devices with metal bodies, there should be no issue anyway because of antenna bands. The image I linked is a modern ultra-high end device where you can easily see two thin rectangular plastic antenna bands. There is a reason modern antenna bands are so small: it has become incredibly easy (and thus cheep) to mass produce highly directive antennas. This is especially true for for designs intended for UE's. As a student working in a lab on campus, we had a tight budget and needed to buy antennas for a system we were building. For legal reasons, we were operating on the 1.3 GHz band. Unfortunately, this was impossible because all the "off the shelf" (and very cheap) antennas were designed for various cell phone bands. We ended up ordering a custom design (Gerber files from a fellow student) and fabricated 150 large PIFA antennas for ~$100.
In summary, this large paragraph is a justification for the following strong opinion. I believe there may be serious reception issues with the Liberm 5. These reception issues are not related to antennas. Mr. Weavers in-passing and extremely brief mention of "antenna routing" issues may be the tip for the (reception/SNR) iceberg.
=========================================================
I want to make clear that I do not hold ill will against Purism or FOSS mobile efforts. I absolutely hate that any activity on my smartphone goes directly to Google. For years, I have been holing onto a 100-200 dollar class smartphone because use of said device must be kept to a minimum to protect my privacy (I try to keep all my online activity on a laptop that I control). However, this entire post is an opinionated criticism of Purism's hardware choices. At the end of the day, a cellular device that truly protects your privacy (with potential serious hardware and reception issues) is no different than a Android or iOS phone which has had its antennas and RF cards ripped out. A smartphone is only useful when it can be used. Otherwise, a laptop on a WiFi connection with VoIP (and a VPN) will be objectively more useful.
submitted by parakeetfour to linux [link] [comments]

How MLM Software Features Boost Productivity of Your Network Marketing?

How MLM Software Features Boost Productivity of Your Network Marketing?

https://preview.redd.it/4h1ek1tteyr41.jpg?width=920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=2bd8ffd7254328dde2c1b75e40c044995eba2110
MLM software is a management tool used for digital marketing purposes. It will allow the customers and clients for managing income, keep a look at network status, your downlinks, tracking your sales and referrals. You can also register on this software for purchasing the products of particular companies. There are a variety of MLM software companies available in the market, from whom you can buy MLM software if you are about to start any new business of marketing. This software is easy to use as they don’t need any training or workshop to use this software. Some of the renowned MLM companies enhancing their market these days are Amway, Herbalife nutrition, Oriflame, Natura, Young living, Avon and many others.
By using this software, you can easily access your digital business from any corner of the world. This software can be easily integrated with applications and websites.
Features of MLM software:
Easy User Interface: Apart from the experience’s ones, there are mostly new people that join with MLM business, so the provided software is easy to use. Any new customer can easily open it or use all its features on the go.
Easy Joining Process: Anyone who is new in the system can easily join the software through direct registration or referral registration.
Can Support All Types Of The Compensation Plan: Compensation plan can be easily managed through this software either the plan is binary, unilevel or matrix type.
Voucher Processing: Software can also be used for updating, generating and processing vouchers.
Graphical Representation: Software must show the graphical representation of the total users under you, your uplinks and downlinks in a tree view.
Easy Management Of Commission: Admin can set up a commission for every new joinee or customer.
Easy Accessibility: Software should be easily accessible for any web-surfing device.
Multiple Language Option: As MLM is an internationally spreading business and its customers can be of different states or nations. So, multiple language options will provide ease for customers to understand and operate the software.
Provide Secure Payment Option: In MLM you also have to make online payments, so the software should be secure and reliable for making payment.
You can search for MLM software companies online if you are getting any problems with your MLM software. These service providers have their experienced team of professionals who will help you to install, upgrade and manage the software. MLM service providers like Milkyway Services will also help you to promote your products across the countries.
submitted by milkywayservice to u/milkywayservice [link] [comments]

What are the benefits of Java development?

Java was developed to provide a cross-platform environment for software applications. Java is a very popular programming language widely used to develop applications ranging from mobile applications to business servers and supercomputers. Today, Java is present everywhere in mobile phones, web systems, commercial applications, desktop computers, etc. Java applets are used on desktop computers to provide a better browsing experience for users. The widespread use and demand for Java have led to many java application development company providers offering well-targeted solutions to Java requirements. Organizations can now take advantage of the help of a suitable Java development company to find reliable and cost-effective solutions for their business needs.
Java is widely used by leading companies to design and develop applications. Several elements that combine to allow Java development are:
-> Compiler: - Compilers are responsible for converting the source code to Java by code.
-> Loader: - Loaders interpret Java class files in a readable format.
-> A set of libraries of related classes. Java doc: Java doc is the documentation generator.
Organizations and businesses need to hire a Java development company to make the most of their solutions. The main advantages of Java development are:
Open Source: It is an open-source technology that offers a highly flexible and customizable environment for developing requirements-oriented applications. Users are not required to pay high license fees each year, allowing for a cost-effective solution using Java.
Platform independent: Applications are written in Java and are platform-independent at source and binary level, so they can be run anywhere. Java offers the possibility to run the same program from different systems. This is vital for software and applications intended for the Internet.
Memory management: Java supports the garbage collection concept, therefore automatic memory management is available. Users do not have to manually manage memory issues, but they can if they want.
Easy to learn: Java was designed to provide user-friendly technology for programmers. This makes writing, compiling, debugging, and learning easier.
Object-Oriented: Java is an object-oriented programming language and allows programmers to create modular programs. Java code is reusable and can be used over and over again. Developers can spend more time in the logic section instead of writing the same code over and over.
Distributed Computing: Java has been developed to make the concept of distributed computing more feasible and easier to use with built-in network capacity. Java makes the whole concept of networking so simple and easy to understand that writing network programs is like sending and receiving data from a file.
Furthermore, there are currently many Java developers on the market, so the problem of finding talented professionals is also easily solved. Customers can easily choose a suitable Java development company with the necessary experience and knowledge to carry out their projects. Java also offers one of the most secure runtime environments, so the security issue is also resolved. In general, Java development is one of the best options for creating global Internet solutions.
For more information about the benefits of Java development and also about the Java Development Company do visit cloud analogy a salesforce development company.
submitted by chotusharma27898 to u/chotusharma27898 [link] [comments]

Using Deep Learning to Predict Earnings Outcomes

Using Deep Learning to Predict Earnings Outcomes
(Note: if you were following my earlier posts, I wrote a note at the end of this post explaining why I deleted old posts and what changed)
TLDR:
Not financial advice.
  • I created a deep learning algorithm trained on 2015-2019 data to predict whether a company will beat earning estimates.
  • Algorithm has an accuracy of 58%.
  • I need data and suggestions.
  • I’ll be making daily posts for upcoming earnings.
Greetings everyone,
I’m Bunga, an engineering PhD student at well known university. Like many of you, I developed an interest in trading because of the coronavirus. I lost a lot of money by being greedy and uninformed about how to actually trade options. With all the free time I have with my research slowing down because of the virus, I’ve decided to use what I’m good at (being a nerd, data analytics, and machine learning) to help me make trades.
One thing that stuck out to me was how people make bets on earnings reports. As a practitioner of machine learning, we LOVE binary events since the problem can be reduced to a simple binary classification problem. With that being said, I sought out to develop a machine learning algorithm to predict whether a company will beat earnings estimates.
I strongly suggest TO NOT USE THIS AS FINANCIAL ADVICE. Please, I could just be a random guy on the internet making things up, and I could have bugs in my code. Just follow along for some fun and don’t make any trades based off of this information 😊
Things other people have tried:
A few other projects have tried to do this to some extent [1,2,3], but some are not directly predicting the outcome of the earnings report or have a very small sample size of a few companies.
The data
This has been the most challenging part of the project. I’m using data for 4,000 common stocks.
Open, high, low, close, volume stock data is often free and easy to come by. I use stock data during the quarter (Jan 1 – Mar 31 stock data for Q1 for example) in a time series classifier. I also incorporate “background” data from several ETFs to give the algorithm a feel for how the market is doing overall (hopefully this accounts for bull/bear markets when making predictions).
I use sentiment analyses extracted from 10K/10Q documents from the previous quarter as described in [4]. This gets passed to a multilayer perceptron neural network.
Data that I’ve tried and doesn’t work to well:
Scraping 10K/10Q manually for US GAAP fields like Assets, Cash, StockholdersEquity, etc. Either I’m not very good at processing the data or most of the tables are incomplete, this doesn’t work well. However, I recently came across this amazing API [5] which will ameliorate most of these problems, and I plan on incorporating this data sometime this week.
Results
After training on about 34,000 data points, the model achieves a 58% accuracy on the test data. Class 1 is beat earnings, Class 2 is miss earnings.. Scroll to the bottom for the predictions for today’s AMC estimates.

https://preview.redd.it/qmeig6of3tv41.png?width=875&format=png&auto=webp&s=c8ba4a34294b7388bf1b9e64150d7375da959ac2
Future Directions
Things I’m going to try:
  • Financial twitter sentiment data (need data for this)
  • Data on options (ToS apparently has stuff that you can use)
  • Using data closer to the earnings report itself rather than just the data within the quarterly date
A note to the dozen people who were following me before
Thank you so much for the early feedback and following. I had a bug in my code which was replicating datapoints, causing my accuracy to be way higher in reality. I’ve modified some things to make the network only output a single value, and I’ve done a lot of bug fixing.
Predictions for 4/29/20 AMC:
A value closer to 1 means that the company will be more likely to beat earnings estimates. Closer to 0 means the company will be more likely to miss earnings estimates. (People familiar with machine learning will note that neural networks don’t actually output a probability distribution so the values don’t actually represent a confidence).
  • Tkr: AAPL NN: 0.504
  • Tkr: AMZN NN: 0.544
  • Tkr: UAL NN: 0.438
  • Tkr: GILD NN: 0.532
  • Tkr: TNDM NN: 0.488
  • Tkr: X NN: 0.511
  • Tkr: AMGN NN: 0.642
  • Tkr: WDC NN: 0.540
  • Tkr: WHR NN: 0.574
  • Tkr: SYK NN: 0.557
  • Tkr: ZEN NN: 0.580
  • Tkr: MGM NN: 0.452
  • Tkr: ILMN NN: 0.575
  • Tkr: MOH NN: 0.500
  • Tkr: FND NN: 0.542
  • Tkr: TWOU NN: 0.604
  • Tkr: OSIS NN: 0.487
  • Tkr: CXO NN: 0.470
  • Tkr: BLDR NN: 0.465
  • Tkr: CASA NN: 0.568
  • Tkr: COLM NN: 0.537
  • Tkr: COG NN: 0.547
  • Tkr: SGEN NN: 0.486
  • Tkr: FMBI NN: 0.496
  • Tkr: PSA NN: 0.547
  • Tkr: BZH NN: 0.482
  • Tkr: LOCO NN: 0.575
  • Tkr: DLA NN: 0.460
  • Tkr: SSNC NN: 0.524
  • Tkr: SWN NN: 0.476
  • Tkr: RMD NN: 0.499
  • Tkr: VKTX NN: 0.437
  • Tkr: EXPO NN: 0.526
  • Tkr: BL NN: 0.516
  • Tkr: FTV NN: 0.498
  • Tkr: ASGN NN: 0.593
  • Tkr: KNSL NN: 0.538
  • Tkr: RSG NN: 0.594
  • Tkr: EBS NN: 0.483
  • Tkr: PRAH NN: 0.598
  • Tkr: RRC NN: 0.472
  • Tkr: ICBK NN: 0.514
  • Tkr: LPLA NN: 0.597
  • Tkr: WK NN: 0.630
  • Tkr: ATUS NN: 0.530
  • Tkr: FBHS NN: 0.587
  • Tkr: SWI NN: 0.521
  • Tkr: TRUP NN: 0.570
  • Tkr: AJG NN: 0.509
  • Tkr: BAND NN: 0.618
  • Tkr: DCO NN: 0.514
  • Tkr: BRKS NN: 0.490
  • Tkr: BY NN: 0.502
  • Tkr: CUZ NN: 0.477
  • Tkr: EMN NN: 0.532
  • Tkr: VICI NN: 0.310
  • Tkr: GLPI NN: 0.371
  • Tkr: MTZ NN: 0.514
  • Tkr: SEM NN: 0.405
  • Tkr: SPSC NN: 0.465
[1] https://towardsdatascience.com/forecasting-earning-surprises-with-machine-learning-68b2f2318936
[2] https://zicklin.baruch.cuny.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/2019/12/Improving-Earnings-Predictions-with-Machine-Learning-Hunt-Myers-Myers.pdf
[3] https://www.euclidean.com/better-than-human-forecasts
[4] https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/edgaedgar.pdf.
[5] https://financialmodelingprep.com/developedocs/
submitted by xXx_Bunga_xXx to u/xXx_Bunga_xXx [link] [comments]

Golem's FAQ - Latest software update, and how-tos

Golem's FAQ - Latest software update, and how-tos

https://preview.redd.it/2lc1we5990s41.jpg?width=400&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=5417ccb655b01501b4ba0db45e72d5e411cc1baf
(Actual, updated) Frequently Asked Questions
Unlike a standard FAQ, this (A)FAQ consists of the most commonly asked questions from our community. For much more elaborate FAQ full of questions, some of which no one actually asked, please consult our docs FAQ.
For our communications archive, head over here.
What is Golem?
Golem is a decentralized computation network, a new way of distributing redundant computing power to those who are in need of it, on-demand. It creates a peer-to-peer network where users join on an equal basis to buy and sell computation, splitting up complicated tasks into smaller subtasks in the network. In Golem there’s no central authority and no user is more or less important than another.
Who is building Golem?
Golem Factory GmbH is responsible for building Golem and all its milestones.
Golem Factory GmbH’s website is: https://golem.network
Is Golem a Foundation?
Golem Factory GmbH is not a Foundation. A GmbH is the Swiss equivalent of an LLC. Golem Factory GmbH has been founded in 2016 and as mentioned above, looks after the build of Golem the project, and its milestones.
The Golem Foundation, founded in 2018, is an independent entity, founded by Golem Factory GmbH’s ex CEO and COO, and they work on different projects than Golem Factory (eg. the recently release Wildlands paper). Their website is: https://golem.foundation
Who controls GNT?
GNT (Golem Network Token) has been in the free market since the end of 2016. Neither Golem Factory or the Golem Foundation control the token.
Another thing is that we don’t do airdrops. So make sure to stay safe and not succumb to scams.
Why should I or a requestor choose Golem?
Golem offers freedom of choice and a voice in the community to specify what your requirements are for computation in the network. In the centralized infrastructure of shared computation, if you’re an individual you might not have the voice to specify the tools you need. Golem offers tools focused on your privacy and the flexibility for all providers and requestors to set the price they’re willing to have tasks completed on Golem Network. By cutting out the middle-man and large corporations taking a fee, this allows Golem to be a prosumer market with the potential to simultaneously be cheaper and more profitable for the requestors and providers, respectively.
How can one integrate with Golem?
If you’re a developer and want to add your code to Golem, the simplest way is to use WebAssembly (WASM). Check out the gWASM section of the documentation to learn more. The good news about WASM is that you can easily compile the code that is written in other languages. So if you have code written in C/C++/RUST, you can compile each to the WebAssembly binary and use it with Golem the same way you’d normally use WebAssembly code. If you don’t want to write anything in those languages or you want to do something more complicated, the Task API allows more versatility and is available on mainnet since the Clay Golem release.
Additional resources that would be of interest include Being a Requestor and Acting as a Provider on Golem Network.
How is computation verified?
There’s no single answer to this question since it can get quite complicated. For the first use-case in Golem, rendering, the requestor renders a small part of the image and compares it with the result they receive from the provider and a machine-learning algorithm gives a verdict. In rendering, there’s a high chance of a small amount of indeterminism and differences in the pixels, which is what makes it complicated.
For other use-cases such as WebAssembly, fortunately, it’s much simpler it’s practically easy to make WebAssembly computation deterministic. There’s also a verify function in the Task API to make this process simpler for requestors, to give them the opportunity to write their own method that is suitable for their use case.
How is data protected and kept private on Golem Network?
For providers, the solution is relatively easy using Sandboxing. You can read about this more in our documentation.
The more interesting part of the question is ‘how are we going to protect the data you send as a requestor?’. In the classical scenario where you’re sending you data to the cloud, you’re not getting any protection. It’s essentially a trusted setup between the requestor and providers, an option which is also possible in Golem using Golem Unlimited.
How does Golem Unlimited fit in the Golem Network ecosystem?
Golem Unlimited allows users to create an internal trusted network of computers with one of them, called the Hub being in charge. The Hub is a requestor and other computers in the company join it as providers. It is meant for data center-like setup (e.g., render farms, or desktops within organization LAN) where network participants trust each other, but it will also support trusted P2P subnetworks (e.g., distributed team machines).
App
Why is my Golem node not connecting?
If you’re having connection issues, see our Issues and Troubleshooting guide in our documentation or reach out to us in our Discord channel. The most common issues for first time setup are related port-forwarding (mentioned in the onboarding process when you setup your node) or Hyper-V. Keep in mind that, if you’re on Windows Home specifically, Hyper-V is not a feature so you have to install docker toolbox instead.
What is the Task API?
Recently, we introduced the new Task API. The Task API is a python library containing a programming interface and utility functions. Updates created by requestors should be able to answer a short list of RPC calls. You can read more about these calls in our documentation designated to the Task API.
What is gWASM?
gWASM stands for WebAssembly on Golem. It is intended to be a bridge between applications and extensible infrastructure. It gives your applications or services easy access to external and decentralized computational power. This access happens in an elastic manner, meaning that you rent as much infrastructure as you need and when you need it.
What’s the purpose for GNT?
With Golem you can exchange computational power, as a commodity or a service for GNT. These are market transactions. The different parties (users) and transactions are part of a small economy with GNT as the value transferred between participants.
Within the Golem economy, we are free to define the rules and regulations for it. Our goal, however, is for it to be similar to real-life economies: demand, supply and quality affecting prices should always be included. This economy works in an anonymous and distributed network, which adds a layer of complexity to it. Golem is not a stock market, there is no central point to place bids and offers. Everyone must make their deals on a p2p basis and on their best criteria.
Roadmap
What does the future and endgame look like for Golem?
In order to allow for a future where censorship resistance and privacy is available for everyone, we need to build networks to stimulate such freedoms. What we want to build at Golem is the tool that can connect computers borderless-ly across the world, and without the risk of censorship.
Migration
What is the ERC20 migration and how will it take place?
This refers to us migrating GNT to be a fully ERC20 compliant token. We’ve been working with ETHWorks on finding the best approach for this task.
How will GNT’s migration to the ERC20 standard benefit users?
Working together with ETHWorks and audit firms, our goal is to make sure that the passage to ERC20 allows the (new)GNT to be able to adapt to various matters: for instance, to be used for layer 2 scaling solutions, or Universal Logins, gassless transactions, among others. Right now, doing gassless transactions with the current GNT is cumbersome, and there are many solutions in the market that would be a great fit if GNT was ERC20.
An added (big) benefit for migrating towards ERC20, is to leverage DeFi tools and protocols, especially DEXes. Providing the first (ERC20) GNT liquidity pools for Uniswap and other similar projects is something that’s definitely in our plans for a long time.
Why didn’t GNT start out as an ERC20 compliant token?
It’s important to keep in mind that relative to the Ethereum space, GNT is quite an old token. When we implemented the GNT contract, the ERC20 standard was in its infancy, and we wanted to limit the exposure to risks stemming from it being at such an early stage. This is why we decided to limit the core GNT implementation to only the necessary ERC20 operations to make it transferable. Migrating GNT to be a fully ERC20 compliant token should open new opportunities to the token users, for example, DeFi (i.e. Decentralized EXchanges and liquidity by Uniswap) and potentially GNT becoming collateral for MCD (Maker’s Multicollateral DAI).
Other
What measures are in place to mitigate against loss of deposit?
We’ve taken very thorough precautions against Golem users losing their deposits. With the recent release of the Concent feature, the Concent deposit a.k.a. GNTDeposit is a smart contract on the Ethereum mainnet which has been properly audited by third-party experts to contain no known vulnerabilities. Similarly to those aforementioned contracts, the balance of GNTDeposit is predominantly still owned by the ethereum address that transferred its tokens into it. The only difference is that the withdraws are time-locked and that there is a privileged entity, the Concent Service, which is able to use those tokens in very specific circumstances, according to the use cases described in the Concent’s documentation and its terms of service.
How is GPU integration coming along with MacOS and Windows?
There’s difficulty with exposing GPU to Docker containers on Windows and MacOS. GPU support is technically possible on both these operating systems, although we would need to tailor some new computation environments for those operating systems and make sure that the behaviour is consistent between them. While we exclusively rely on Docker it’s not possible to use GPU with Golem on Windows and MacOS.
It’s also worth noting that GPU is also not supported in gWASM. Since gWASM uses WASM underneath and that itself currently doesn’t have any notion of multi-threading, which would be required for the computation providers GPU to act as the general processing graphics processing unit (GPGPU). It might be possible to get around that, however, the catch would be that it would kill the determinism which we require in Golem task verification.
submitted by Mat7ias to GolemProject [link] [comments]

Vault 7 - CIA Hacking Tools Revealed

Vault 7 - CIA Hacking Tools Revealed
March 07, 2017
from Wikileaks Website


https://preview.redd.it/9ufj63xnfdb41.jpg?width=500&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=46bbc937f4f060bad1eaac3e0dce732e3d8346ee

Press Release
Today, Tuesday 7 March 2017, WikiLeaks begins its new series of leaks on the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.
Code-named "Vault 7" by WikiLeaks, it is the largest ever publication of confidential documents on the agency.
The first full part of the series, "Year Zero", comprises 8,761 documents and files from an isolated, high-security network situated inside the CIA's Center for Cyber Intelligence (below image) in Langley, Virgina.
It follows an introductory disclosure last month of CIA targeting French political parties and candidates in the lead up to the 2012 presidential election.
Recently, the CIA lost control of the majority of its hacking arsenal including,
  1. malware
  2. viruses
  3. trojans
  4. weaponized "zero day" exploits
  5. malware remote control systems

...and associated documentation.
This extraordinary collection, which amounts to more than several hundred million lines of code, gives its possessor the entire hacking capacity of the CIA.
The archive appears to have been circulated among former U.S. government hackers and contractors in an unauthorized manner, one of whom has provided WikiLeaks with portions of the archive.
"Year Zero" introduces the scope and direction of the CIA's global covert hacking program, its malware arsenal and dozens of "zero day" weaponized exploits against a wide range of U.S. and European company products, include,

  1. Apple's iPhone
  2. Google's Android
  3. Microsoft's Windows
  4. Samsung TVs,

...which are turned into covert microphones.
Since 2001 the CIA has gained political and budgetary preeminence over the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA).
The CIA found itself building not just its now infamous drone fleet, but a very different type of covert, globe-spanning force - its own substantial fleet of hackers.
The agency's hacking division freed it from having to disclose its often controversial operations to the NSA (its primary bureaucratic rival) in order to draw on the NSA's hacking capacities.
By the end of 2016, the CIA's hacking division, which formally falls under the agency's Center for Cyber Intelligence (CCI - below image), had over 5000 registered users and had produced more than a thousand,
hacking systems trojans viruses,
...and other "weaponized" malware.


https://preview.redd.it/3jsojkqxfdb41.jpg?width=366&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e92eafbb113ab3e972045cc242dde0f0dd511e96

Such is the scale of the CIA's undertaking that by 2016, its hackers had utilized more codes than those used to run Facebook.
The CIA had created, in effect, its "own NSA" with even less accountability and without publicly answering the question as to whether such a massive budgetary spend on duplicating the capacities of a rival agency could be justified.
In a statement to WikiLeaks the source details policy questions that they say urgently need to be debated in public, including whether the CIA's hacking capabilities exceed its mandated powers and the problem of public oversight of the agency.
The source wishes to initiate a public debate about the security, creation, use, proliferation and democratic control of cyberweapons.
Once a single cyber 'weapon' is 'loose' it can spread around the world in seconds, to be used by rival states, cyber mafia and teenage hackers alike.

Julian Assange, WikiLeaks editor stated that,
"There is an extreme proliferation risk in the development of cyber 'weapons'.
Comparisons can be drawn between the uncontrolled proliferation of such 'weapons', which results from the inability to contain them combined with their high market value, and the global arms trade.
But the significance of 'Year Zero' goes well beyond the choice between cyberwar and cyberpeace. The disclosure is also exceptional from a political, legal and forensic perspective."

Wikileaks has carefully reviewed the "Year Zero" disclosure and published substantive CIA documentation while avoiding the distribution of 'armed' cyberweapons until a consensus emerges on the technical and political nature of the CIA's program and how such 'weapons' should analyzed, disarmed and published.

Wikileaks has also decided to Redact (see far below) and Anonymize some identifying information in "Year Zero" for in depth analysis. These redactions include ten of thousands of CIA targets and attack machines throughout,
Latin America Europe the United States

While we are aware of the imperfect results of any approach chosen, we remain committed to our publishing model and note that the quantity of published pages in "Vault 7" part one ("Year Zero") already eclipses the total number of pages published over the first three years of the Edward Snowden NSA leaks.

Analysis

CIA malware targets iPhone, Android, smart TVs
CIA malware and hacking tools are built by EDG (Engineering Development Group), a software development group within CCI (Center for Cyber Intelligence), a department belonging to the CIA's DDI (Directorate for Digital Innovation).
The DDI is one of the five major directorates of the CIA (see above image of the CIA for more details).
The EDG is responsible for the development, testing and operational support of all backdoors, exploits, malicious payloads, trojans, viruses and any other kind of malware used by the CIA in its covert operations world-wide.
The increasing sophistication of surveillance techniques has drawn comparisons with George Orwell's 1984, but "Weeping Angel", developed by the CIA's Embedded Devices Branch (EDB), which infests smart TVs, transforming them into covert microphones, is surely its most emblematic realization.
The attack against Samsung smart TVs was developed in cooperation with the United Kingdom's MI5/BTSS.
After infestation, Weeping Angel places the target TV in a 'Fake-Off' mode, so that the owner falsely believes the TV is off when it is on. In 'Fake-Off' mode the TV operates as a bug, recording conversations in the room and sending them over the Internet to a covert CIA server.
As of October 2014 the CIA was also looking at infecting the vehicle control systems used by modern cars and trucks. The purpose of such control is not specified, but it would permit the CIA to engage in nearly undetectable assassinations.
The CIA's Mobile Devices Branch (MDB) developed numerous attacks to remotely hack and control popular smart phones. Infected phones can be instructed to send the CIA the user's geolocation, audio and text communications as well as covertly activate the phone's camera and microphone.
Despite iPhone's minority share (14.5%) of the global smart phone market in 2016, a specialized unit in the CIA's Mobile Development Branch produces malware to infest, control and exfiltrate data from iPhones and other Apple products running iOS, such as iPads.
CIA's arsenal includes numerous local and remote "zero days" developed by CIA or obtained from GCHQ, NSA, FBI or purchased from cyber arms contractors such as Baitshop.
The disproportionate focus on iOS may be explained by the popularity of the iPhone among social, political, diplomatic and business elites.
A similar unit targets Google's Android which is used to run the majority of the world's smart phones (~85%) including Samsung, HTC and Sony. 1.15 billion Android powered phones were sold last year.
"Year Zero" shows that as of 2016 the CIA had 24 "weaponized" Android "zero days" which it has developed itself and obtained from GCHQ, NSA and cyber arms contractors.
These techniques permit the CIA to bypass the encryption of, WhatsApp
  1. Signal
  2. Telegram
  3. Wiebo
  4. Confide
  5. Cloackman
...by hacking the "smart" phones that they run on and collecting audio and message traffic before encryption is applied.
CIA malware targets Windows, OSx, Linux, routers
The CIA also runs a very substantial effort to infect and control Microsoft Windows users with its malware.
This includes multiple local and remote weaponized "zero days", air gap jumping viruses such as "Hammer Drill" which infects software distributed on CD/DVDs, infectors for removable media such as USBs, systems to hide data in images or in covert disk areas ("Brutal Kangaroo") and to keep its malware infestations going.
Many of these infection efforts are pulled together by the CIA's Automated Implant Branch (AIB), which has developed several attack systems for automated infestation and control of CIA malware, such as "Assassin" and "Medusa".
Attacks against Internet infrastructure and webservers are developed by the CIA's Network Devices Branch (NDB).
The CIA has developed automated multi-platform malware attack and control systems covering Windows, Mac OS X, Solaris, Linux and more, such as EDB's "HIVE" and the related "Cutthroat" and "Swindle" tools, which are described in the examples section far below.
CIA 'hoarded' vulnerabilities ("zero days")
In the wake of Edward Snowden's leaks about the NSA, the U.S. technology industry secured a commitment from the Obama administration that the executive would disclose on an ongoing basis - rather than hoard - serious vulnerabilities, exploits, bugs or "zero days" to Apple, Google, Microsoft, and other US-based manufacturers.
Serious vulnerabilities not disclosed to the manufacturers places huge swathes of the population and critical infrastructure at risk to foreign intelligence or cyber criminals who independently discover or hear rumors of the vulnerability.
If the CIA can discover such vulnerabilities so can others.
The U.S. government's commitment to the Vulnerabilities Equities Process came after significant lobbying by US technology companies, who risk losing their share of the global market over real and perceived hidden vulnerabilities.
The government stated that it would disclose all pervasive vulnerabilities discovered after 2010 on an ongoing basis.
"Year Zero" documents show that the CIA breached the Obama administration's commitments. Many of the vulnerabilities used in the CIA's cyber arsenal are pervasive and some may already have been found by rival intelligence agencies or cyber criminals.
As an example, specific CIA malware revealed in "Year Zero" is able to penetrate, infest and control both the Android phone and iPhone software that runs or has run presidential Twitter accounts.
The CIA attacks this software by using undisclosed security vulnerabilities ("zero days") possessed by the CIA but if the CIA can hack these phones then so can everyone else who has obtained or discovered the vulnerability.
As long as the CIA keeps these vulnerabilities concealed from Apple and Google (who make the phones) they will not be fixed, and the phones will remain hackable.
The same vulnerabilities exist for the population at large, including the U.S. Cabinet, Congress, top CEOs, system administrators, security officers and engineers.
By hiding these security flaws from manufacturers like Apple and Google the CIA ensures that it can hack everyone at the expense of leaving everyone hackable.
'Cyberwar' programs are a serious proliferation risk
Cyber 'weapons' are not possible to keep under effective control.
While nuclear proliferation has been restrained by the enormous costs and visible infrastructure involved in assembling enough fissile material to produce a critical nuclear mass, cyber 'weapons', once developed, are very hard to retain.
Cyber 'weapons' are in fact just computer programs which can be pirated like any other. Since they are entirely comprised of information they can be copied quickly with no marginal cost.
Securing such 'weapons' is particularly difficult since the same people who develop and use them have the skills to exfiltrate copies without leaving traces - sometimes by using the very same 'weapons' against the organizations that contain them.
There are substantial price incentives for government hackers and consultants to obtain copies since there is a global "vulnerability market" that will pay hundreds of thousands to millions of dollars for copies of such 'weapons'.
Similarly, contractors and companies who obtain such 'weapons' sometimes use them for their own purposes, obtaining advantage over their competitors in selling 'hacking' services.
Over the last three years the United States intelligence sector, which consists of government agencies such as the CIA and NSA and their contractors, such as Booz Allan Hamilton, has been subject to unprecedented series of data exfiltrations by its own workers.
A number of intelligence community members not yet publicly named have been arrested or subject to federal criminal investigations in separate incidents.
Most visibly, on February 8, 2017 a U.S. federal grand jury indicted Harold T. Martin III with 20 counts of mishandling classified information.
The Department of Justice alleged that it seized some 50,000 gigabytes of information from Harold T. Martin III that he had obtained from classified programs at NSA and CIA, including the source code for numerous hacking tools.
Once a single cyber 'weapon' is 'loose' it can spread around the world in seconds, to be used by peer states, cyber mafia and teenage hackers alike.
U.S. Consulate in Frankfurt is a covert CIA hacker base
In addition to its operations in Langley, Virginia the CIA also uses the U.S. consulate in Frankfurt as a covert base for its hackers covering Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
CIA hackers operating out of the Frankfurt consulate ("Center for Cyber Intelligence Europe" or CCIE) are given diplomatic ("black") passports and State Department cover.
The instructions for incoming CIA hackers make Germany's counter-intelligence efforts appear inconsequential: "Breeze through German Customs because you have your cover-for-action story down pat, and all they did was stamp your passport" Your Cover Story (for this trip) Q: Why are you here? A: Supporting technical consultations at the Consulate. Two earlier WikiLeaks publications give further detail on CIA approaches to customs and secondary screening procedures.
Once in Frankfurt CIA hackers can travel without further border checks to the 25 European countries that are part of the Shengen open border area - including France, Italy and Switzerland.
A number of the CIA's electronic attack methods are designed for physical proximity.
These attack methods are able to penetrate high security networks that are disconnected from the internet, such as police record database. In these cases, a CIA officer, agent or allied intelligence officer acting under instructions, physically infiltrates the targeted workplace.
The attacker is provided with a USB containing malware developed for the CIA for this purpose, which is inserted into the targeted computer. The attacker then infects and exfiltrates data to removable media.
For example, the CIA attack system Fine Dining, provides 24 decoy applications for CIA spies to use.
To witnesses, the spy appears to be running a program showing videos (e.g VLC), presenting slides (Prezi), playing a computer game (Breakout2, 2048) or even running a fake virus scanner (Kaspersky, McAfee, Sophos).
But while the decoy application is on the screen, the underlying system is automatically infected and ransacked.
How the CIA dramatically increased proliferation risks
In what is surely one of the most astounding intelligence own goals in living memory, the CIA structured its classification regime such that for the most market valuable part of "Vault 7", the CIA's, weaponized malware (implants + zero days) Listening Posts (LP) Command and Control (C2) systems, ...the agency has little legal recourse.
The CIA made these systems unclassified.
Why the CIA chose to make its cyber-arsenal unclassified reveals how concepts developed for military use do not easily crossover to the 'battlefield' of cyber 'war'.
To attack its targets, the CIA usually requires that its implants communicate with their control programs over the internet.
If CIA implants, Command & Control and Listening Post software were classified, then CIA officers could be prosecuted or dismissed for violating rules that prohibit placing classified information onto the Internet.
Consequently the CIA has secretly made most of its cyber spying/war code unclassified. The U.S. government is not able to assert copyright either, due to restrictions in the U.S. Constitution.
This means that cyber 'arms' manufactures and computer hackers can freely "pirate" these 'weapons' if they are obtained. The CIA has primarily had to rely on obfuscation to protect its malware secrets.
Conventional weapons such as missiles may be fired at the enemy (i.e. into an unsecured area). Proximity to or impact with the target detonates the ordnance including its classified parts. Hence military personnel do not violate classification rules by firing ordnance with classified parts.
Ordnance will likely explode. If it does not, that is not the operator's intent.
Over the last decade U.S. hacking operations have been increasingly dressed up in military jargon to tap into Department of Defense funding streams.
For instance, attempted "malware injections" (commercial jargon) or "implant drops" (NSA jargon) are being called "fires" as if a weapon was being fired.
However the analogy is questionable.
Unlike bullets, bombs or missiles, most CIA malware is designed to live for days or even years after it has reached its 'target'. CIA malware does not "explode on impact" but rather permanently infests its target. In order to infect target's device, copies of the malware must be placed on the target's devices, giving physical possession of the malware to the target.
To exfiltrate data back to the CIA or to await further instructions the malware must communicate with CIA Command & Control (C2) systems placed on internet connected servers.
But such servers are typically not approved to hold classified information, so CIA command and control systems are also made unclassified.
A successful 'attack' on a target's computer system is more like a series of complex stock maneuvers in a hostile take-over bid or the careful planting of rumors in order to gain control over an organization's leadership rather than the firing of a weapons system.
If there is a military analogy to be made, the infestation of a target is perhaps akin to the execution of a whole series of military maneuvers against the target's territory including observation, infiltration, occupation and exploitation.
Evading forensics and anti-virus
A series of standards lay out CIA malware infestation patterns which are likely to assist forensic crime scene investigators as well as, Apple
  1. Microsoft
  2. Google
  3. Samsung
  4. Nokia
  5. Blackberry
  6. Siemens
  7. anti-virus companies,
...attribute and defend against attacks.
"Tradecraft DO's and DON'Ts" contains CIA rules on how its malware should be written to avoid fingerprints implicating the "CIA, US government, or its witting partner companies" in "forensic review".
Similar secret standards cover the, use of encryption to hide CIA hacker and malware communication (pdf) describing targets & exfiltrated data (pdf) executing payloads (pdf) persisting (pdf), ...in the target's machines over time.
CIA hackers developed successful attacks against most well known anti-virus programs.
These are documented in, AV defeats Personal Security Products Detecting and defeating PSPs PSP/DebuggeRE Avoidance For example, Comodo was defeated by CIA malware placing itself in the Window's "Recycle Bin". While Comodo 6.x has a "Gaping Hole of DOOM".
CIA hackers discussed what the NSA's "Equation Group" hackers did wrong and how the CIA's malware makers could avoid similar exposure.

Examples

The CIA's Engineering Development Group (EDG) management system contains around 500 different projects (only some of which are documented by "Year Zero") each with their own sub-projects, malware and hacker tools.
The majority of these projects relate to tools that are used for,
penetration infestation ("implanting") control exfiltration
Another branch of development focuses on the development and operation of Listening Posts (LP) and Command and Control (C2) systems used to communicate with and control CIA implants.
Special projects are used to target specific hardware from routers to smart TVs.
Some example projects are described below, but see the table of contents for the full list of projects described by WikiLeaks' "Year Zero".
UMBRAGE
The CIA's hand crafted hacking techniques pose a problem for the agency.
Each technique it has created forms a "fingerprint" that can be used by forensic investigators to attribute multiple different attacks to the same entity.
This is analogous to finding the same distinctive knife wound on multiple separate murder victims. The unique wounding style creates suspicion that a single murderer is responsible.
As soon one murder in the set is solved then the other murders also find likely attribution.
The CIA's Remote Devices Branch's UMBRAGE group collects and maintains a substantial library of attack techniques 'stolen' from malware produced in other states including the Russian Federation.
With UMBRAGE and related projects the CIA cannot only increase its total number of attack types but also misdirect attribution by leaving behind the "fingerprints" of the groups that the attack techniques were stolen from.
UMBRAGE components cover,
keyloggers
  1. password collection
  2. webcam capture
  3. data destruction
  4. persistence
  5. privilege escalation
  6. stealth
  7. anti-virus (PSP) avoidance
  8. survey techniques

Fine Dining
Fine Dining comes with a standardized questionnaire i.e menu that CIA case officers fill out.
The questionnaire is used by the agency's OSB (Operational Support Branch) to transform the requests of case officers into technical requirements for hacking attacks (typically "exfiltrating" information from computer systems) for specific operations.
The questionnaire allows the OSB to identify how to adapt existing tools for the operation, and communicate this to CIA malware configuration staff.
The OSB functions as the interface between CIA operational staff and the relevant technical support staff.
Among the list of possible targets of the collection are,
  • 'Asset'
  • 'Liason Asset'
  • 'System Administrator'
  • 'Foreign Information Operations'
  • 'Foreign Intelligence Agencies'
  • 'Foreign Government Entities'
Notably absent is any reference to extremists or transnational criminals. The 'Case Officer' is also asked to specify the environment of the target like the type of computer, operating system used, Internet connectivity and installed anti-virus utilities (PSPs) as well as a list of file types to be exfiltrated like Office documents, audio, video, images or custom file types.
The 'menu' also asks for information if recurring access to the target is possible and how long unobserved access to the computer can be maintained.
This information is used by the CIA's 'JQJIMPROVISE' software (see below) to configure a set of CIA malware suited to the specific needs of an operation.
Improvise (JQJIMPROVISE)
  1. 'Improvise' is a toolset for configuration, post-processing, payload setup and execution vector
  2. selection for survey/exfiltration tools supporting all major operating systems like,
  3. Windows (Bartender)
  4. MacOS (JukeBox)
  5. Linux (DanceFloor)
  6. Its configuration utilities like Margarita allows the NOC (Network Operation Center) to customize tools
based on requirements from 'Fine Dining' questionnaires.
HIVE
HIVE is a multi-platform CIA malware suite and its associated control software.
The project provides customizable implants for Windows, Solaris, MikroTik (used in internet routers) and Linux platforms and a Listening Post (LP)/Command and Control (C2) infrastructure to communicate with these implants.
The implants are configured to communicate via HTTPS with the webserver of a cover domain; each operation utilizing these implants has a separate cover domain and the infrastructure can handle any number of cover domains.
Each cover domain resolves to an IP address that is located at a commercial VPS (Virtual Private Server) provider.
The public-facing server forwards all incoming traffic via a VPN to a 'Blot' server that handles actual connection requests from clients.
It is setup for optional SSL client authentication: if a client sends a valid client certificate (only implants can do that), the connection is forwarded to the 'Honeycomb' toolserver that communicates with the implant.
If a valid certificate is missing (which is the case if someone tries to open the cover domain website by accident), the traffic is forwarded to a cover server that delivers an unsuspicious looking website.
The Honeycomb toolserver receives exfiltrated information from the implant; an operator can also task the implant to execute jobs on the target computer, so the toolserver acts as a C2 (command and control) server for the implant.
Similar functionality (though limited to Windows) is provided by the RickBobby project.
See the classified user and developer guides for HIVE.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why now?
WikiLeaks published as soon as its verification and analysis were ready. In February the Trump administration has issued an Executive Order calling for a "Cyberwar" review to be prepared within 30 days.
While the review increases the timeliness and relevance of the publication it did not play a role in setting the publication date.
Redactions
Names, email addresses and external IP addresses have been redacted in the released pages (70,875 redactions in total) until further analysis is complete. Over-redaction: Some items may have been redacted that are not employees, contractors, targets or otherwise related to the agency, but are, for example, authors of documentation for otherwise public projects that are used by the agency.
Identity vs. person: the redacted names are replaced by user IDs (numbers) to allow readers to assign multiple pages to a single author. Given the redaction process used a single person may be represented by more than one assigned identifier but no identifier refers to more than one real person.
Archive attachments (zip, tar.gz, ...), are replaced with a PDF listing all the file names in the archive. As the archive content is assessed it may be made available; until then the archive is redacted.
Attachments with other binary content, are replaced by a hex dump of the content to prevent accidental invocation of binaries that may have been infected with weaponized CIA malware. As the content is assessed it may be made available; until then the content is redacted.
Tens of thousands of routable IP addresses references, (including more than 22 thousand within the United States) that correspond to possible targets, CIA covert listening post servers, intermediary and test systems, are redacted for further exclusive investigation.
Binary files of non-public origin, are only available as dumps to prevent accidental invocation of CIA malware infected binaries.
Organizational Chart
The organizational chart (far above image) corresponds to the material published by WikiLeaks so far.
Since the organizational structure of the CIA below the level of Directorates is not public, the placement of the EDG and its branches within the org chart of the agency is reconstructed from information contained in the documents released so far.
It is intended to be used as a rough outline of the internal organization; please be aware that the reconstructed org chart is incomplete and that internal reorganizations occur frequently.
Wiki pages
"Year Zero" contains 7818 web pages with 943 attachments from the internal development groupware. The software used for this purpose is called Confluence, a proprietary software from Atlassian.
Webpages in this system (like in Wikipedia) have a version history that can provide interesting insights on how a document evolved over time; the 7818 documents include these page histories for 1136 latest versions.
The order of named pages within each level is determined by date (oldest first). Page content is not present if it was originally dynamically created by the Confluence software (as indicated on the re-constructed page).
What time period is covered?
The years 2013 to 2016. The sort order of the pages within each level is determined by date (oldest first).
WikiLeaks has obtained the CIA's creation/last modification date for each page but these do not yet appear for technical reasons. Usually the date can be discerned or approximated from the content and the page order.
If it is critical to know the exact time/date contact WikiLeaks.
What is "Vault 7"
"Vault 7" is a substantial collection of material about CIA activities obtained by WikiLeaks.
When was each part of "Vault 7" obtained?
Part one was obtained recently and covers through 2016. Details on the other parts will be available at the time of publication.
Is each part of "Vault 7" from a different source?
Details on the other parts will be available at the time of publication.
What is the total size of "Vault 7"?
The series is the largest intelligence publication in history.
How did WikiLeaks obtain each part of "Vault 7"?
Sources trust WikiLeaks to not reveal information that might help identify them.
Isn't WikiLeaks worried that the CIA will act against its staff to stop the series?
No. That would be certainly counter-productive.
Has WikiLeaks already 'mined' all the best stories?
No. WikiLeaks has intentionally not written up hundreds of impactful stories to encourage others to find them and so create expertise in the area for subsequent parts in the series. They're there.
Look. Those who demonstrate journalistic excellence may be considered for early access to future parts.
Won't other journalists find all the best stories before me?
Unlikely. There are very considerably more stories than there are journalists or academics who are in a position to write them.
submitted by CuteBananaMuffin to conspiracy [link] [comments]

HFX Binary Options Fast Start Training Binary Option - Profit in 7 mins - Best Binary Options Strategy for Newbie. Binary Options Trading IQ Option Boss Pro Robot(New Version) . Great Binary Options Strategy  Best Simple Way To Profits  Rewarding Indicators Iq Binomo Pocket Network marketing in vestige .....

Binary.com is an award-winning online trading provider that helps its clients to trade on financial markets through binary options and CFDs. Trading binary options and CFDs on Synthetic Indices is classified as a gambling activity. Remember that gambling can be addictive – please play responsibly. Learn more about Responsible Trading. Some The company must be a self-described Network Marketing, Multi Level, or MLM company. The company must be in business for at least 10 years as of December 31, 2012.* The company must have a Google Page Rank – GPR. A scale of 1 to 10 with 10 being best. The company must have an Alexa Rank – AR. Here the smaller the number the better. Binary.com is an award-winning online trading provider that helps its clients to trade on financial markets through binary options and CFDs. Trading binary options and CFDs on Volatility Indices is classified as a gambling activity. Remember that gambling can be addictive – please play responsibly. Learn more about Responsible Trading. Some However, binary options has much lower entry requirements, as some brokers allow people to start trading with as low as $10. Disadvantages of Binary Trading Reduced Trading Odds for Sure-Banker Trades. The payouts for binary options trades are drastically reduced when the odds for that trade succeeding are very high. There's always a debate as to which network marketing compensation plans are best. I'm sure a lot of people coming here are expecting to read about one specific company, or specific compensation structure that is FAR BETTER than every other option out there. The reality is that there really is no BEST compensation plan in network marketing.

[index] [4459] [9347] [23529] [16992] [6201] [17411] [3444] [16346] [12415] [27965]

HFX Binary Options Fast Start Training

Best Binary Options Strategy 2020 - 2 Minute Strategy LIVE TRAINING! ... 43:42. HOW TO FIND A LEGAL MLM COMPANY ! What is proces to be a Legal Network Marketing in India. ... Network Marketing ... An intro in to binary trade options & how to make money in 60 seconds ! Also a review over brokers & a great education on binary to get started. To get my free mentorship & budget visit my webpage ... Binary of network marketing. Ano ang binary ng networking? Papaano ung binary ng networking? ... 6 0. Don't like this video? ... BEST BINARY OPTIONS STRATEGY IN 2020 MORE THAN 1 BEST STRATEGIES? The accounts in the multiple binary options strategy protects you from any problems with a particular binary options trading company. From difficulties as severe as insolvency, to smaller items ... This video explains you best strategy that can help you make best profits. I wish you goodluck. We as a team, put a lot of effort in bringing you the summarized stuff. Any sort of feedback will be ...

Flag Counter